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FY 1974 

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The Commonwealth of Massachusetts 





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In reply refer to 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts 



1 October 1974 

Honorable Francis W. Sargent 


State House 

Boston, Massachusetts 02133 

Dear Governor Sargent: 

Enclosed is the Annual Report of the Military Division, Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts, recounting activities and accomplishments during the period 
1 July 1973 to 30 June 1974. 




Major General , MassARNG 

The Adjutant General 




Massachusetts National Guard 


The Adjutant General 



The Massachusetts National Guard continues to be a factor of ever 
increasing importance in the economy of the Commonwealth. During the fiscal 
year covered by this report over $51 million of Federal funds was allotted 
to the Massachusetts National Guard and was disbursed within the Common- 
wealth in the form of pay and allowances for approximately 16,000 military 
members of our Guard, 1,500 Federal civilian employees and an additional 
300 Federal service contract, employees, all who are residents of Massachusetts 
Pay increases effective 1 October 1974 for all Guardsmen and Federal 
technicians will further increase our allottment of Federal funds in the 
new fiscal year thereby providing an even greater impact . 

A review of our accomplishments during this period indicates that 
much progress has been made by way of attaining the goals we had established. 
Some of the more significant results are indicated by the following facts: 

--- Our 104th Tactical Fighter Group at Westfield was awarded the 
Winston P. Wilson Trophy for being chosen "the most outstanding Air Nation- 
al Guard unit in the nation equipped with jet aircraft." A truly great 
honor indicative of an extremely high level of skill and training. 

--- There has been greatly improved performance by our Army National 
Guard units in Annual General Inspections conducted by Department of the 
Army, indicating improved organization and management techniques. 

--- The training of our Army National Guard units has reached higher 
proficiency levels as evidenced by the fact an additional 26 units reached 
their required pre-mobilization training objectives since 1 July 1973. 

Our 102d Fighter Interceptor Group at Otis Air Force Base has 

successfully passed initial Air Force inspection requirements in assuming 
its critical full-time air defense mission, 

Our air defense battalion, 1st Battalion, 241st Air Defense 

Artillery, terminated its full-time air defense mission at the same high 
level of performance it maintained : hroughout the years and was awarded 
the Commanding General's Award. Army Air Defense Command, for "sustained 
superior performance in Annual Service Practice" during the past five 
fiscal years' live-iire missile tei 

--- Our lO^'. i Tactical Fighter Group was furthei honored by receipt 
of the Department oi Defense Award as the "outstanding Air National Guard 
unit in the Nation" f :vi 'is community service programs. 

We have made great strides in other areas., such as recruitment of 
minority group personnel, and have more than doubled minority membership 
in our Guard units. At the present time minority groups comprise 4.1% of 
the total membership in the Massachusetts National Guard. Since minority 
groups represent only 3.77, oi the total population in the State, our 
percentage of representation is h 'ixng. Continued emphasis will 
improve the balance even moi 

The establishment of our NCO academy and graduation of the first 
class has been a significant step in improving our standards, and the 
renewal of our small arms marksmanship program has produced renewed 
interest in this basic facet of military training. 

Many improvements have been made on our facilities. The completion 
of our new armory at Camp Curtis Guild, Reading, enabled us to provide 
a most modern and efficient environment for four of our Guard units, 
thereby allowing us to vacate older and smaller armories that have been 
turned over to the city governments concerned for their use. The completed 
installation of Intrusion Detection Systems in all arms and ammunition 
storage facilities along with improvement in arms room construction, 
modification of arms racks and storage chests, and installation of high- 
security locks, has done much to protect these sensitive items of equipment. 
Further measures are in process to improve supply rooms to further protect 
other items of clothing and equipment. 

In resuming publication of our magazine, "The Minute Man", we have 
provided an important source of information to all of our personnel. 
This fine periodical will keep all of us abreast of new developments and 
new accomplishments and provide deserved recognition to our many men and 
women and their units who excel 1 in their duties. 

Despite many problems during this period we attained a net strength 
gain of 305 in our Army Guard units and a gain of 286 in our Air Guard 
units. This is a measure of progress but, obviously, our work has just 
begun. We have proven to ourselves that men and women are interested in 
careers in the National Guard but we must apply even greater imagination 
and initiative in our efforts to retain personnel beyond their first terms 
of enlistment. This is a difficult challenge requiring consideration of 
every idea proposed. No thoughts, ideas or proposals should be considered 
too radical or too impractical without being thoroughly tried and tested. 
Finding ourselves now in a "no-draft, modern- volunteer-army environment" 
we must use every means at our disposal to make the individual's stay in 
the Guard meaningful, rewarding and enjoyable. It can and must be done. 

The results attained in this period represent a great deal of extra 
time and diligent effort on the part of a majority of our personnel. I 
hope the results have been as rewarding to them as they have been gratifying 
to me. Our personnel have been of great assistance to their fellow citizen; 
of the Commonwealth in time of emergency and they have responded continu- 
ally to charity works, blood banks and community projects for the common 
good. 1 am very proud of the skill and dedication shown by our Guardsmen 
in every activity and I know the new year will produce even greater deeds 
and further important accomplishments. 


p age 

Mission and Organization 1 

Army National Guard 3 

Air National Guard 12 

Staff Organization, Military Division 19 

Alternate Headquarters 20 

Technician Personnel Office 21 

Directorate of Administration 26 

Directorate of Personnel 29 

Directorate of Plans, Security and Training 32 

- Massachusetts Military Academy 42 

- Army Aviation 45 

- Air Defense 46 
Directorate of Logistics - US Property & Fiscal Office 48 
Directorate of Maintenance - State Maintenance Office 53 
Directorate of Facilities & Engineering - State Quartermaster 55 
Directorate of Public Affairs 56 

- Community Actions 56 

- Legislative Programs 61 

- Public Information 63 

- State Guard 64 
Selective Service Section 66 


For over three centuries a "soldier in war, a civilian in peace," the 
National Guard is rooted in the concept of the privilege and responsibility 
ql our able-bodied citizens to be ready at all times to bear arms for the 
common defense. The Congress is empowered to "provide for organization, 
aiming and disciplining the militia." National military policy has served 
to enhance the availability and improve the readiness of the National Guard 
as a Federal Reserve Force. 

The Federal mission as stated in Section 102, Title 32, United States 
Code is quoted: 

"In accordance with the traditional military policy of the United 
Slates, it is essential that the strength and organization of the Army 
National Guard and the Air National Guard as an integral part of the first 
line defenses of the United States be maintained and assured at all times. 
Whenever Congress determines that more units and organizations are needed 
lor the national security than are in the regular components of the ground 
and air forces, the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard of the 
United States, or such parts of them as are necessary for a balanced force, 
shall be ordered to active Federal duty and retained as long as so needed." 

The State mission is to provide units so organized, trained and equip- 
ped that under competent orders of proper authorities they will provide for 
protection of life and property and preserve peace, order and public safety. 

The authority for and conditions warranting State active duty are 
specified in Chapter 33, General Laws of Massachusetts. 


The origins of the Massachusetts National Guard lie deep in the history 
of Colonial America, with its civilian-soldier role of today and the nature 
of its membership still closely paralleling those of the pre- Revolutionary 
militia. It remains a hometown organization, drawing its manpower and 
support from the community in which it is organized. 

The first organized militia within the English Colonies was formed in 
L636 when a small band of settlers in Middlesex formed a unit to protect 
their homes from hostile Indians. Eventually calling themselves the "Old 
North Regiment", this unit fought in the French and Indian Wars, was mob- 
ilized early in the Revolutionary War and has served in four wars since 
that time. It currently exists as the 1st Battalion, 182d Infantry of the 
Massachusetts Army National Guard. 

Many other Massachusetts Guard units trace their lineage to Colonial 
times, some still proudly parading with the uniforms and relics of their 
militiaman predecessors. One such unit rich in this Massachusetts lore 
is the First Corps of Cadets, now the 1st Battalion, 220th Infantry. 

The First Corps traces its origin to 1726 when it was formed under 
the name oi" the Independent Corps ot Cadets to serve as n bodyguard to th« 
English Governor oi the Province oi Massachusetts. Its official charter 
date is some years later in 1741 when Colonial Governor William Shirley 
signed a still-preserved parchment authorizing the Corps to enlist 64 
young men. 

Though their official loyalty was to the Colonial government, and in 
effect the Crown, many of the cadets found it hard to avoid siding with 
the rising emotions of the patriots. Among them was their commander John 
Hancock who eventually was relieved of command at the order of the new 
military governor, General Thomas Gage. In support of their commander, 
the cadets all resigned, effectively disbanding the unit until the Colony 
was reorganized as a State after the Revolution. 

In 1789, when Massachusetts Governor James Bowdoin reconstituted the 
unit naming Hancock an honorary Colonel, a second corps also was organized 
in Salem. This is now the 1st Battalion, 102d Field Artillery, Salem. 
These two units are the only organizations in what today is known as the 
Massachusetts Army National Guard that have had continuous service since 
the Constitution of the United States was ratified. 

The First Corps went on to serve in Valley Forge and in the Battles 
of Monmouth, Quaker Hill, West Point and Springfield, New Jersey. Members 
of the Corps reached Yorktown in 1781 and participated in the surrender 
of Cornwallis on October 19 of that year. The unit's successor, the 220th, 
still is authorized to carry colors from those battles. 

Many other units within the Commonwealth possess equally distinguished 
heritages and continue to fulfill their obligations as citizen-soldiers. 

In the following pages, we report on those organizations, their 
operation and their accomplishments for the Massachusetts National Guard 
during the period 1 July 1973 to 30 June 1974. 




tion Group 

20 2d 










10 2d 















Bat re lion 


Air Defense 











j — i 



The Array National Guard of Massachusetts consists of 24 organizations 
of battalion size and 18 units of company or detachment size with a total 
authorized strength of 15,041 military personnel. The organizations, 
units, their locations and authorized strengths are shown below: 


Headquarters Detachment , MassARNG 
65th Medical Detachment 
291st Medical Detachment 
293d Medical Detachment 
391st Medical Detachment 
393d Medical Detahcment 
65th Public Information Detachment 
215th Army Band 
1st Battalion, 241st Air Defense Artillery 

26th (YANKEE) Infantry Division 

Headquarters and Headquarters Company 

26th Military Police Company 

26th Aviation Battalion 

1st Squadron, 26th Cavalry 

101st Engineer Battalion 

126th Signal Battalion 

HHC, 1st Brigade, 26th Inf Div 

HHC, 3d Brigade, 26th Inf Div 

1st Battalion, 101st Infantry 

1st Battalion, 104th Infantry 

2d Battalion, 104th Infantry (Mechanized) 

1st Battalion, 181st Infantry 

1st Battalion, 182d Infantry 

1st Battalion, 220th Infantry 

1st Battalion, 110th Armor 

HHB, 26th Infantry Division Artillery 

1st Battalion, 101st Field Artillery 

3d Battalion, 101st Field Artillery 

1st Battalion, 102d Field Artillery 

2d Battalion, 102d Field Artillery 

HHC, Division Support Command 

26th AG Company 

726th Finance Company 

26th Supply & Transportation Battalion 

726th Maintenance Battalion 

114th Medical Battalion 

164th Transportation Battalion 


















Fall River 












Fall River 



















Otis AFB 








































































































Framing ham 




















11 ,964 





10 2d Area Headquarters (LS) 

1st Battalion, 211th Field Artillery 

109th Signal Battalion 

685th Military Police Battalion 

181st Engineer Battalion 

101st Collection & Classification Company 

Fall River 




6 4 

New Bedford 





































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Infantrymen of 26th Division participating in reconnaisance patrol 
during field training period 


Division rifle squad trains in river crossing exercise 


The fiscal year began with the 3d Brigade of the Division, with attached 
elements, participating in Annual Training during the period 30 June - 14 
July 1973. Division Headquarters and remaining division elements attended 
Annual Training during the period 28 July - 11 August 1973. After 22 years 
of annual training at Camp Drum, N.Y., the famed "YANKEE" Division "invaded" 
the south, attending annual training in Virginia at Camp Pickett and Camp 
A, P. Hill. Mostly infantry units, with some combat support and combat 
service support units, were at Camp A. P. Hill. The division command element, 
armor and artillery were at Camp Pickett. Organic vehicles were moved by 
road with no major accident and a minimum of vehicles deadlined, a significant 
accomplishment in itself. Personnel not involved in vehicle movement were 
transported by commercial buses, and privately owned vehicles where authorized, 

Training of divisional units included the conduct of platoon-size 
combat patrolling and reconnaissance- in- force. Army Training Tests at 
various levels from squad to company, company-size airmobile assault exer- 
cises, and two battalion-size waterborne amphibious exercises were conducted 
in the vicinity of Fort Story in conjunction with a U.S. Army Reserve 
Terminal Battalion. All units of the division achieved a satisfactory 
rating during this annual training period. 

Other annual training periods were scheduled for selected elements 
of the division in order to accomplish specialized training. The Automatic 
Data Processing Section of Headquarters and Headquarters Company trained 
at Fort Hood Texas, and personnel of the Redeye Platoons received MOS-awarding 
training in their assigned air defense weapons at Fort Bliss, Texas. 

In addition to a successful training year, the Division made important 
contributions to the safety and welfare of many citizens of the Commonwealth. 
On 14 October 1973 the Division sponsored a march for the benefit of "Horizons 
for Youth". This is an organization that operates a 300 acre facility on 
Lake Massapoag in Sharon for needy, disadvantaged, retarded and handicapped 
teen-agers and young adults. Led by Major General Vahan Vartanian, the 
Adjutant General, and Brigadier General Nicholas J. DelTorto, the Division 
Commander, more than 4,000 National Guardsmen marched 25 miles, with each 
of their solicited sponsors paying for every mile they walked. When 
final returns were made months later, officials of the "Horizons for 
Youth" organization were elated to find that approximately $80,000 was 
raised by the march. Besides participating in the march, National Guard 
personnel assisted in laying out the various march routes across the 
Commonwealth, distributing posters to promote it, circulating sponsor cards, 
hosting registration in the various armories for other marchers and sponsors, 
providing aid stations and manning check points. 

However, this eventful day was not destined to end there, a disastrous 
fire had broken out in the City of Chelsea during the afternoon and personnel 
of the Division were called upon to contribute even more. The following 
account taken from an issue of our publication, The Minute Man, dramatically 
tells the story of what happened thereafter. 


Wires drooped low across narrow streets as smoldering ruins unlocked 
curling spires of smoke. Heaps of rubble lay scattered near partially 
standing walls. Trees, charred and stripped, cast mournful shadows over 
grave- like foundations. 

A scene from London during the Blitz? "It's all I can think of", said 
a graying National Guardsman who said he had seen some of London's wartime 
devastation. "It's eerie." 

It was, in fact, Chelsea, Massachusetts 48 hours after a blaze leaped 
the gap from alarm to holocaust and men of the National Guard were on duty. 

In all, 18 city blocks were ravaged by the windswept inferno, and 12 
more were damaged. A total of 56 businesses, 238 industrial buildings and 
107 apartment houses were wiped out. The actual number of homeless never 
was determined. Incredibly, there was no loss of life. 

On the afternoon of Sunday, October 14, Chelsea's National Guard 
armory had been opened to welcome back weary volunteer marchers from a 
25 mile hike sponsored by the Guard to benefit disadvantaged children. 
The march was just ending when the fire flew into a frenzy. It would be 
many days before the lights would dim in the armory. 

Red Cross workers hustled in and set up shop. LTC William Fuller, 
Commander of the 126th Signal Battalion, ordered a 24 hour mess. Up to 
800 persons a day were fed at the peak of the operation. 

"We had no idea of the intensity of the problem until midnight 
Sunday," said Colonel Fuller., "Then the evacuees began piling in and 
we got the picture." 

Just eight hours after the fire screamed across the shabby urban 
renewal target, Guardsmen were on State Active Duty at the request of 
Governor Francis W. Sargent. While firemen fought the blaze, the National 
Guard sheltered the homeless, provided roadblocks and manned roving and 
static patrols. 

By the fifth day after the fire, Chelsea had settled down, but 
thousands of curious spectators were jamming the roads to take a first- 
hand look. Chelsea Mayor Phillip Spellman asked for the Guard's continued 
help in keeping on-lookers out so leveling work could progress safely. 

It wasn't until 15 weary days after the fire that the National 
Guard's civilian-soldier role concluded. 

Silhouetted against a backdrop of ruin, the helmeted Guardsmen seemed 
strangely at home. No cries of protest rose over his presence. Help was 
his mission and it was understood. 

BG Nicholas J Del Torto, 26th (Yankee) Infantry Division Commander, offers his 
thanks and congratulations to MG Vahan Vartanian upon completion of the 25 mile 
march sponsored by the division to raise funds for the "Horizons for Youth" 
camp. Over $80,000. was raised by the march. 

Men of the 26th Division successfully complete their search for ten year old 
Billy Lundy who was lost in the vicinity of Camp Drum. Over 1000 men of the 
Division devoted their own time to the search. 

Division tank-infantry teams conduct combined -arms 
training at Camp Drum, N.Y. 

Jeep-mounted recoilless rifle moves in for the "kill" 

One of the many left homeless by the Chelsea fire attempts to salvage a 

few meager belongings. Thanks to the efforts of many Guardsmen they were 

sheltered and fed at the Chelsea Armory. 

Vehicle patrols of the 26th Infantry Division assisted in policing 

fire - ravaged areas 

"The Guard bailed us out." exclaimed Chelsea's grateful Police Chief. 

And bail them out the Guard did. By hustling water trailers into the 
Boston suburb, the Guard prevented evacuation of two hospitals whose water 
pressure was fading. Searchlights, kitchens and cots were trucked in as 
well to help with the job. 

Over 1,500 men responded to the call in Chelsea. One National Guard 
Sergeant, whose trembling hand betrayed his sleepless nights during the 
first days after the fire, spoke for them all. "Hell, what can you say? 
They really needed us here. It was a good cause." 

The citizens of Chelsea expressed their thanks to the Guard for its 
role in the fire by a resolution passed by the Chelsea Board of Aldermen 
and presented to Major General Vahan Vartanian commending the Guard for 
"outstanding effort in its utilization of men, facilities and equipment 
for the City of Chelsea in its greatest hour of need." 

Personnel of the State Headquarters assisted in directing the operation 
and a compilation of statistics by the Directorate of Plans, Security and 
Training show that the total cost to the Commonwealth for this operation 
was $133,361.77 for pay, allowances, rations and miscellaneous expenditures, 
and Division units participating in this operation and their present-for- 
duty daily strengths are shown below: 




126 Sig 




26 MP 

1st Bde 










26 Div 








































































































































Division community actions continued throughout the year, as shown 
in more detail elsewhere in this report, and reached a climax during the 
Division's second annual training period at Camp Drum, N.Y. during the 
period 22 June 1974 - 6 July 1974. 






















During the middle weekend, Division members donated their off-duty 
time and services to search for a young ten year old boy, Billy Lundy, 
lost in one of the communities close to Camp Drum. Nearly 1,000 Division 
members volunteered, the response being overwhelming to the extent that 
many volunteers had to be turned back in order to maintain control and 
continuity in the search effort. The efforts expended were truly rewarded 
with the safe rescue of young Billy Lundy. 

A matter of continuing interest has been the recruitment of members 
of minority groups into the National Guard. The Division has been successful 
in nearly tripling the number of minority members within the fiscal year. 
Some of the outstanding organizations are shown below: 

1st Bn, 101st Field Artillery 

1st Bn, 104th Infantry 

1st Bn, 101st Infantry 

1st Bn, 220th Infantry 

126th Signal Bn 

1st Squadron, 26th Cavalry 

On 30 September 1973 the first Logan Interstate Match was conducted 
at the Massachusetts National Guard Training Center, Camp Curtis Guild at 
Reading. The match, named in honor of Major General Edward F. Logan, 
former Division Commander, was instituted to foster competitive rifle and 
pistol matches between elements of the Division in Massachusetts and units 
of the Division's 43d Brigade in Connecticut. The winners were a composite 
team from the 43d Brigade of Connecticut. 

Annual General Inspections were conducted during the period April - 
May 1974 with a marked improvement in results over the previous year. 

As the year began so it ended with the Division at field training 
during the period 22 June 1974 - 6 July 1974. Again the Division main 
elements were doing their annual training at Camp Drum, N.Y. In an effort 
to conserve fuel, however, most of the Division's artillery battalions 
trained at Camp Edwards. 

Special operations training at Camp Drum included nine company 
combined-arms exercises, eight company- size river crossing exercises, 
eight company-size airmobile exercises as well as Army Training Tests 
at various levels. 

Something new was added. For the first time female members of the 
Division participated in Annual Training. Personnel of the 26th AG Co 
and ADP Section of Headquarters arid Headquarters Company were authorized 
to perform annual training on a year-round schedule at home station. 


26th (Yankee) Infantry Division helicopter completes mission 

"Bazooka" team gets set for the target 

Active Army Signal Corps personnel conduct training 
for members of 109th Signal Battalion 

Personnel of 101 Engineer Battalion construct 
a pontoon bridge during Annual Training period 


The 102d Area Headquarters (Labor Supervision) located in Fall River, 
Massachusetts, has as a Federal mission the primary responsibility of 
providing command, administration, and labor supervision of non-United 
States labor elements such as native labor, or other quasi-military groups. 
It also supervises the labor of prisoners of war within the parameters 
established by the Geneva- Hague Convention. The headquarters, through 
the attachment of subordinate Area Centers, Districts and Sections, has 
the capacity of providing supervision for up to a maximum of 25,000 such 

The Adjutant General of Massachusetts has assigned the headquarters 
a twofold state mission: 

Military Support to Civil Authorities : It acts as a Task Force Headquarters 
and provides essential military support to Massachusetts Civil Defense Area 
II, located in Southeastern Massachusetts. This area is bounded by a line 
including Quincy, Dedham and Millis to the North; Millis, Foxboro and the 
Rhode Island Border on the West; and includes Cape Cod and the islands of 
Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard on the South. Military resources within 
the task force include 5 battalion-size units and 2 company-size units of 
Army National Guard and selected elements of the Massachusetts Air National 
Guard. An Operational Readiness Inspection was conducted at all elements 
of the Task Force during the month of February 1974 and all were found to 
be operationally ready to perform this most important function. Additionally, 
selected elements of the Task Force were called upon during June 1974 to 
assist in the search for the child of a Brockton attorney. The search was 
unsuccessfully terminated by local officials when evidence indicated the 
child was the victim of abduction. In addition, one battalion of the 
command assisted in the search for victims of a drowning accident on Cape 

Command and Control Headquarters : On 12 September 1973, the command was 
reorganized to include all non-divisional elements of the Army National 
Guard with the exception of those elements which provide direct support 
to the 26th Infantry Division, and the 1st Battalion, 241st Air Defense 
Artillery. Under this reorganization the headquarters was designated a 
Major Command of the Massachusetts Army National Guard with direct respon- 
sibility to the Adjutant General of Massachusetts. The command now 
consists of one battalion each of Field Artillery, Signal Corps, Military 
Police Corps, and Engineer Corps; one Ordnance Company and two small 
detachments of Medical Corps. Plans are underway to include the 215th 
Army Band within the command in early Fiscal Year 1975. 

The Commander of the 102d Area Headquarters takes great pride in 
the fact that all elements of the command satisfactorily passed Annual 
General Inspections conducted by First United States Army during the 
reporting period and that all elements of the command received satisfactory 
ratings by First U.S. Army during Annual Training 1974. These inspections 
are indicators of the high state of readiness of elements of the command 
and the state of training. 

In addition to the training responsibilities necessary to achieve 
these satisfactory results, the 102d Area Headquarters was assessed the 
responsibility of conducting a series of Army Training Tests for selected 
units of the 26th Infantry Division Artillery. These tests were conducted 
during a four week period in June 1974 at Camp Edwards, Massachusetts and 
Camp Drum, New York. The professionalism of the test team received favorable 
comment from Regular Army Evaluators and the Commanders of the units tested. 

The recruiting and retention effort has been of paramount concern to 
the Commander and has met with great success which is indicative of the 
high state of morale and esprit de corps within the command. The authorized 
strength of the command is 2,458 officers and enlisted members and the 
actual strength total is 2,346 - a shortfall of 112 individuals. To a large 
extent, this shortfall was caused by the transfer of approximately 80 
individuals of the Headquarters Company, 109th Signal Battalion to the 
Holyoke-Springfield Area during the past year. That unit had been relocated 
from Holyoke to Rehoboth during an earlier reorganization. 

The Commander continues to place emphasis on its Race Relations and 
Equal Opportunity Programs and has met with moderate success in the recruit- 
ment of Spanish surnamed individuals, particularly in the Taunton- Rehoboth 
area, and the recruitment of Blacks in the New Bedford-Cape Cod area. The 
enlistment of female personnel has been successful with the enlistment of 
18 women during the past Fiscal Year. 

The technician workforce within the command consists of 103 Federally- 
funded administrative, supply, training and maintenance technicians. 

During the past Fiscal Year, the command participated in a variety 
of civic and community actions, many of which were performed on the member's 
own time. Examples of these projects include assistance to the elderly 
in a number of communities on Cape Cod; participation in a Health Fair 
for the elderly; Project "Reach-out" conducted by Battery A, 1st Battalion, 
211th Field Artillery in Fall River, wherein funds and toys were solicited 
from the community to provide Christmas gifts for disadvantaged children; 
participation in local Red Cross functions (the Battalion Commander of the 
1st Battalion, 211th Field Artillery serves as a member of the Board of 
Directors of the New Bedford Chapter; and also served on the New Bedford 
Mayor's Task Force on Energy during the energy crisis;) personnel of the 
1st Battalion, 211th Field Artillery worked as telephone solicitors during 
the Jerry Lewis Telethon for Cystic Fibrosis victims; personnel of the 
685th Military Police Battalion provided traffic control assistance to 
local and state police forces on weekends on Cape Cod. 


Women of the Massachusetts National Guard participate in field training 

A wide variety of civil engineering projects were undertaken by the 
181st Engineer Battalion which provided training for the unit, and supported 
the efforts of local community leaders. Examples of these projects include: 
Rehabilitation of a camping area utilized by the Brimfield Urban League; 
development of a playground and picnic area in Bridgewater; work on sluice 
ways at a dam in Webster; emplacement of a panel bridge for local emergency 
use at Holland; construction of a complex of Little League ballfields in 
Webster; assistance in the construction of soccer fields for the Community 
Youth Activities Committee in Whitinsville; redirection of a stream and 
clearing of a wooded area in Northampton; clearance of an area for tennis 
courts in Webster; and construction of a parking lot for the Court House 
in Worcester. 



The Air National Guard of Massachusetts is composed of four major 
commands 9 the 102d Fighter Interceptor Wing, the 104th Tactical Fighter 
Group, the 253d Mobile Communications Group and the 202d Weather Flight. - 
The organizations, their locations and authorized strengths are shown 
below: ~ 

Headquarters Authorized Strengths 
Location Off Airmen Total _ 

Hq, MassANG 

202d Weather Flight (SA) 

Hq , 102 Fighter Interceptor Wing 
Hq, 102d Fighter Interceptor Group 
101st Fighter Interceptor Squadron 
102d Consolidated Aircraft Maintenance 

10 2d Combat Support Squadron 
102d Supply Squadron 
102d USAF Clinic 
102d Civil Engineering Flight 
101st Weather Flight 
567th Air Force Band 

Hq, 104th Tactical Fighter Group 
131st Tactical Fighter Squadron 
104th Consolidated Aircraft Maintenance 

104th Combat Support Squadron 
104th TAC Clinic 
104th Civil Engineering Flight 
104th Mobile Support Flight 
104th Weapon System Security Flight 
104th Communications Support Flight 
131st Weather Flight 

Hq , 253d Mobile Communications Group 

267 Mobile Communications Squadron (AFCH) 
101st Tactical Control Squadron (CRP) 
101st Tactical Control Flight (FACP) 
212th Electronics Installation Squadron 

Otis AFB 
Otis AFB 
Otis AFB 
Otis AFB 
Otis AFB 
Otis AFB 
































































A 102d Fighter-Interceptor stands ready for take-off 
in the Massachusetts Air Guards new mission at Otis Air Force Base 

Aircraft maintenance takes on added importance at Otis. 
They must fly at any time. 



The primary mission of the Massachusetts Air National Guard is to 
provide fully ready units to the United States Air Force for the purposes 
of tactical air support, aerospace defense, communications and electronics, 
and weather observation. Its units are in four locations in the Common- 
wealth = = Otis Air Force Base, Barnes Airport at Westfield, Wellesley ANG 
Station, and Worcester ANG Station. 

Otis Air Force Base 

On 1 January 1974, the Air Guard became the principal operator of 
Otis Air Force Base, acting on behalf of the National Guard Bureau in 
Washington, D C„ Most significant about this situation is the fact that 
in taking over the operation of this facility, the Air National Guard's 
102d Fighter Interceptor Group also took over a fulltime air defense 
mission from the regular Air Force and shortly will assume an Air Defense 
Command Alert commitment which imposes severe security controls on the 
operation of the base. The Group has undergone an Initial Capability 
Inspection conducted by Air Defense Command and successfully met all 
requirements of the inspection. The 102d Fighter Interceptor Group is 
responsible for 102 buildings, the airfield complex, airfield lighting, 
fuel facilities, railroad sidings and a central heating plant. 

The air defense mission of the 102d FI Group is a total obligation. 
Poised in a special alert facility, with immediate runway access, are F-106 
fighter-interceptor aircraft manned and fully armed. This operation is in 
effect twenty- four hours a day every day of the year. Each day the unit 
must provide two primary aircraft on 5-minute alert with one additional 
aircraft as back-up. This requires six primary pilots, three back-up pilots 
and twelve maintenance.' launch airmen on duty at all times. Aircraft may 
be "scrambled" at any time at the express direction of North American Air 
Defense Command (NORAD) through the NORAD Air Division charged with aero- 
space defense of Northeastern United States and Eastern Canada. Once 
airborne, the aircraft are under operational control of the NORAD commander 
and, at sonic speeds are directed to the unknown aircraft by highly 
sophisticated electronic means for the purpose of making positive identi- 
fication of a friendly aircraft, or in the final eventuality attacking 
and destroying a hostile aircraft „ On behalf of the United States they 
join with their brother airmen of Canada to provide the primary shield 
against enemy airborne attack. Further, they must prevent unauthorized 
intrusion of friendly airspace or unauthorized reconnaissance of the 
defended area. 

In order to accomplish its mission, the Group is manned by 965 military 
personnel, 380 of whom are employed as full-time Air Technicians. An add- 
itional 200 personnel are Department of the Air Force Civil Service employees 
providing support of housekeeping and facility maintenance requirements. 


Current inventory value of equipment and installations at Otis Air 
Force Base is in excess of $120,278,000., the principal valued items 
being the Group's sixteen F-106 aircraft. 

Since January 127 work order requests have been completed to bring 
security measures on the base up to standard. Other renovation plans are 
being drawn, the largest of which will be a re=design of the base's major 
hangar. This project will allow consolidation of several units into one 
building, thus reducing overhead costs. A number of commercial contracts 
were completed to effect the repair, modification, and/or upgrading of 
certain facilities as follows: 

Rehabilitation of Arnold Hall Dining Facility, Bldg 159 ($38,700) 
Erosion Control - ADC Ammo Storage Area ($46,900) 
Relocation of Fire Alarm Center, Bldg 122 ($800) 
Replace Roofing, Bldg 120 ($27,900) 

In addition, engineering design and inspection support was furnished 
by ADC for the following projects: 

Repair Alert Hangar Heating, Bldg 175 ($39,800) 
Repair Central Heating Plant ($23,900) 
Repair RAPC0N Air Conditioning, Bldg 130 ($22,300) 
Repair Control Tower Air Conditioning ($8,900) 

Barnes Airport 

FY 1974 was a banner year for the 104th Tactical Fighter Group. The 
Westfield-based unit earned national recognition when it recently was 
selected as "the most outstanding Air National Guard unit in the nation 
equipped with jet fighter aircraft, ,; and will be awarded the Winston P. 
Wilson Trophy. In addition, the 104th, along with the 102d Fighter Inter- 
ceptor Group, was awarded a "Flight Safety" Certificate by the U.S. Air 
Force Safety Awards Board. The Group passed the Tactical Air Command's 
Operational Readiness Inspection/ Management Effectiveness Inspection for 
the second successive year with many outstanding findings. 

If that were not enough, the 104th was named by the Department of 
Defense as the top Air National Guard unit in the country for its community 
service programs that included sponsorship of or participation in the 
following programs: 

Westfield Little League 
Westfield Citizens Scholar^ 

ship Fund 
United Fund Campaign 
Pioneer Valley Boy Scouts 

of America 
Westfield YMCA Building Fund 

American Red Cross Blood 

Donor Program 
Westfield WHIPS Glass 

Recycling Program 
Neighborhood Youth Corps 
Junior ROTC Unit 
104th TFG Speakers Bureau 


Families, friends and neighbors "inspect" F-100 aircraft of the 
104th Tactical Fighter Group during Open House Day at 
at Barnes Airport, Westfield 

Postf light procedures are an important requirement 
of every F100 Tactical Fighter mission 


Among the many other awards received by the unit and its members 
were the following: 

NGB Meritorious Service Award - Community Relations 

NGB Citation - Unit Newspaper, Airscoop 

104th TFG Rifle Team - Second Place, Tri-Color Matches, 

Camp Curtis Guild, Massachusetts 
Community Service Award - Pioneer Valley Boy Scouts of America 

Annual Training this year was segmented, with approximately 160 
personnel participating in Exercise "BRAVE SHIELD IX" out of Ellington 
AFB, Texas; about 400 going to Alpena, Michigan; about 90 in or temporarily 
attached to the Civil Engineering Flight going to Lakenheath AB, England; 
and the remainder doing tours at home station during July and August on 
the modified "Texas Plan". Training in section and unit misc-fon requirements, 
as well as in individual skills, was the primary goal of this annual train- 
ing year. 

The Base newspaper, Airscoop, continues to be published bi-monthly 
on photo-offset print with distribution of 1,000 copies. Airscoop 
celebrated its 25th anniversary on May 21st with a special anniversary 
edition, and received a special letter of commendation from the Director, 
Air National Guard. 

Special mention should be made of TSGT Robert J. Murphy of the 
104th who will be awarded the "National Guard Association Valley Forge 
Cross" for heroism later this year. Sergeant Murphy, without consideration 
for his personal safety, rescued two workmen in the City of Westfield 
who were entrapped below ground due to an excavation cave-in. 

Wellesley & Worcester 

The 253d Mobile Communications Group and its assigned units parti- 
cipated in a Tactical Air Control System exercise, nicknamed "SENTRY 
BUILDER", in July 1973. Other major organizations participating in this 
successful Air National Guard field training operation were the 156th 
Tactical Control Group, Rhode Island ANG and the 105th Tactical Air 
Support Group, New York ANG. This was the first joint exercise in which 
the new Program 407L equipment of the TAC Control and Mobile Communications 
Groups was integrated and used in a controlled operation. 

The Wellesley Weekend News is published monthly by the Group for 
distribution on the Unit Training Assembly weekend. This publication 
includes information of interest to the members of the Group and keeps 
them informed of activities which have occurred since the last publication, 
as well as future plans and projected activities. 


The 101 st Tactical Control Squadron (CRP) at Worcester was the 
recipient of an ORI/MEI (Operational Readiness Inspection/ Management 
Effectiveness Inspection) in September 1973. Personnel from the Inspector 
General's Office, Hq Ninth Air Force performed the inspections. Both 
portions of the inspection were passed and the 101st Tac Con Sq became 
the first Tactical Control unit in the history of the Air National Guard 
to pass the combined ORI/MEI. The newly formed 101st Tac Con Fit was 
the recipient of an MEI during the same period and successfully passed 
its inspection. The 212th Electronic Installation Squadron was inspected 
by a team from the Northern Comm Area of the Air Force Communications 
Service Command during 19=21 April 1974. The results of this inspection 
disclosed no major deficiencies existed in that Squadron. 

The 101st Tactical Control Squadron (CRP) deployed to Brunswick 
Naval Air Station, Brunswick, Maine during the period 14-28 July 1973. 
This was the first time the squadron deployed since receipt of the 
semi-automated 407L Tactical Air Control System. The squadron mobility 
plan was implemented and a convoy carried the mission equipment of the 
squadron to the Topsham Annex of the Brunswick NAS where an operational 
radar site was erected by squadron members. The New England 407L 
Tactical Air Control System was activated and other units located at 
South Portland, Maine; Ft. Devens, Mass; Otis AFB, Mass and Montauk Point, 
Long Island, NY, contributed no the operation. At the conclusion of the 
exercises, the site was disassembled, loaded onto squadron vehicles and 
returned to home station. During the same period, the 101st Tactical 
Control Flight (FACP) deployed to South Portland, Maine with their equip- 
ment. A radar site was set up, made operational and integrated into the 
New England ANG Tactical Air Control System. The personnel were quartered 
at the South Portland ANG Station, Maine and the radar site established 
at an unimproved location 3 miles from the station. 

This marked the first time since che 101st Tactical Control Flight 
(FACP) was created on 30 September 191 1 that the unit had been deployed 
and operated as part of the New England Tactical Air Control System. The 
Flight implemented its mobility plan during this deployment and redeployment, 
and considering the newness of the unit, and relative inexperience of most 
of its members, their accomplishments during the training period were 

The 212th Electronics Installation Squadron utilizes the year round 
annual training concept to fulfill its training requirements. Highly 
trained teams were dispatched to various installations to perform 
specialized tasks. Some of the projects included installation and maint- 
enance of cable and cabl? systems, telephone central office and dial 
systems, na\ i i.:ion aids, ground radio and navigation radar systems. 
Some of the installations to which teams were sent are as follows: 
Ramore Canadian Air Force Base, Canada; Vandenberg AF Station, Connecticut; 
Griffiss AFB, NY; K.I. Sawyer ANG Base, Mich; Volk ANG Base, Wise; McGuire 
AFB, NJ; Andrews AFB, MD as well as ANG installations in Massachusetts, 
Rhode Island and Connecticut. 


Maintenance control of aircraft of the 
104th Tactical Fighter Group remains in capable hands 

Color guard of the 104th Tactical Fighter Group 
participate in Bi-centennial parade at West Springfield 



During May 1974, a television filming team used the facilities of 
the Worcester ANG Station to produce a TV commercial film highlighting 
communications and electronics opportunities within the Air National Guard. 
This commercial will subsequently appear on TV channels within a 150 mile 
radius of ANG C&E units across the nation- Several guardsmen assigned to 
units at the Worcester ANG Station appeared in the production together 
with professional actors. 

The 253d Mobile Communications Group was selected as the first Air 
National Guard Communications Group to receive one of the five production 
models of the new Tactical Weather System (TWS) . 

The TWS was developed by Headquarters, Electronics System Division 
at L.G. Hanscomb AFB, Bedford, Mass, in conjunction with S.D.M. Corporation, 
Wilmington, Mass. It consists of two major components, the Tactical Weather 
Analysis Center and the Tactical Air Base Weather Station. The TWS is a 
complete weather system capable of being deployed anywhere in the world and 
becoming completely operational in a matter of hours. For the first time 
the U.S. Air Force has a system which can tie in bases of outlying regions 
into one weather network. The system enables the unit to receive, process, 
and pass on weather information in the field by all of the most modern 
methods available, including satellite photos. 


Recruiting for the State's Air Guard units has been accomplished in 
a variety of ways including booths in downtown shopping areas manned by 
the Worcester unit, presentations to high school and community groups and 
simple word of mouth. Wellesley had a full-time active duty recruiter who 
signed up 67 airmen during the first nine months of CY 1974. The Air Guard 
accomplished a net increase in strength of 286 in FY 74. 

Various recruiting periodicals and brochures and other materials such 
as ball point pens, ash trays, frisbees and bicycle safety pennants were 
received and distributed to likely recruiting sources. Also, newspaper 
advertisements and high school year book advertisements were purchased. 
It is felt that the best recruiting methods are person to person meetings 
between the recruiter and the prospective recruit, or by Guardsmen 
persuading their friends and acquaintances to join. Within the past 
Fiscal Year a $15.00 recruiting prize was awarded to Guardsmen assigned 
to the Worcester ANG Station who furnished the names of individuals who 
were successfully recruited. 

Retention efforts, which usually include formal interviews between 
personnel scheduled for separation and their commanding officers, have 
met with varying degrees of success. The Wellesley unit retained 55% of 
its men elegible for separation during Fiscal Year 1974, Worcester retained 
43.2% and Westfield retained an impressive 68.67o. New to the Wellesley 
retention effort this year was a retention council chosen from within the 


There has been a common thread running through the Fiscal Year 1974 
activities of all Air Guard units in the Commonwealth, reflecting new 
priorities o It has been seen in areas like ambitious summer active duty 
training, extensive community involvement, and successful attempts to 
reach and join forces with the Commonwealth's minority groups as part of 
the past year's far-reaching recruitment and retention efforts. 

Strong emphasis on minority recruiting by 104th Tac Fighter Gp has 
resulted in the unit achieving a minority strength as follows: 

Black males 6 

Spanish- American males 8 

American- Indian males 1 

WAF Officer 1 

WAF Airwomen 11 

Nurses, female _2 

Total 29 

Six black airmen and three women were enlisted in the Wellesley ANG 
Station units during the past year. 

At Worcester ANG Station, during Fiscal Year 1974, out of a total of 
10 non-prior service enlistees, 4 were from minority groups, and of 67 
prior service enlistees, 7 were from minority groups. 

The extensive involvement of Air National Guard units in civic 
affairs and domestic actions is indicated in more detail in the Public 
Affairs section of this report. All of this involvement along with the 
outstanding accomplishments noted above add up to a very successful, 
fruitful and rewarding year. 






65th Public 





Cmd Admin 


State JAG 









Air Nation- 
al Guard 


of Plans, 
and Train- 




The Alternate Headquarters, consisting of nine officers and three 
enlisted men, is an integral part of Headquarters and Headquarters 
Detachment, Massachusetts National Guard , Commanded by a Major General, 
this 12-man unit would serve as the tactical command post in the event 
of a mobilization and would be responsible for the operational control 
of all military forces within the Commonwealth, including those active 
military units assigned to Massachusetts in an emergency. 

Training and Oper at ion 

During the normal training year, the Alternate Headquarters staff 
spends most of its time preparing and administering training exercises 
known as Command Post Exercises (CPX) for Massachusetts National Guard 
units. These exercises are designed to test the operational plans, 
procedures and effectiveness of the tested units, and as such, are a 
valuable training tool for military commanders. 

Since its inception, the Alternate Headquarters has prepared and 
conducted several State-wide exercises which required in each case an 
expansion of its staff to meet planning and control requirements. Most 
noteworthy of these major exercises are: 

Operation Pre-AGI A project to help marginal and unsatisfactory units 

prepare for Annual General Inspections. 

LABMATE I A State-wide civil disaster exercise designed to 

test the Guard's ability to respond quickly to a 
natural disaster and held jointly with the State's 
Civil Defense Agency. 

LABMATE T l Similar to LABMATE I, but designed specifically to 

test Task Force Cheyenne. 

CPX Tripphammer A field CPX for the 685th Military Police Battalion. 

CPX Ramparts A field CPX for the 181st Engineer Battalion. 

Yankee Logex A CPX for the 26th Division's Combat Service 

Support Units. 

The value of these test exercises can best be demonstrated by the 
fact that they are currently being utilized by Active Army and Reserve 
Units in some other States. 



Under the provisions of Public Law 90-486, The Adjutant General of 
Massachusetts is vested with the authority to employ and administer 
Massachusetts National Guard Technicians. The Technician Personnel Office 
(TPO) carries out the Adjutant General's policies with regard to the tech- 
nician program and is responsible for the administration of, and the 
personnel services for, approximately 1,600 National Guard Technicians. 

National Guard technicians are Federal Civil Service Employees in 
the Excepted Service. That is, membership in the National Guard is a 
prerequisite for excepted appointment to 95% of the positions, and the 
remaining 57= may be occupied by competitive Civil Service Employees. 
Federal funds support the program and U.S. Civil Service Commission 
regulations are applicable in most part, to technicians. 

Organization & Responsibilities 

The Technician Personnel Office (TPO) is located at the U.S. Property 
and Fiscal Office, Natick, Mass. and is currently staffed as follows: 

Technician Personnel Officer (ANG) 

Assistant Technician Personnel Officer (ARNG) 

Personnel Assistant ANG Otis AFB 

Personnel Assistant ANG Barnes Airport 

Supervisory Services 

Supervisory Personnel Management Specialist 

Employee Services 

Personnel Management Specialist (ARNG) 

Personnel Assistant (ARNG) 

Personnel Assistant (ARNG) 

Personnel Assistant (Civ) 

Personnel Clerk-Typist (ARNG) 



Clerk- Typist 


The following are the principal responsibilicies of the TPO: 

- Management of Army and Air Manning Structures 

- Technician Regulations 

- Employ ee-Managemenu Relations Program 

- Health and Insurance Programs 

- Performance Ratings 

- Incentive Awards 

- Technician Training 

- Retirement Counselling 

- Alcohol and Drug Program 

- Publication of Technician Information Bulletins and Job Announcements 

- Maintenance of Official Personnel Folders 

- Technician Personnel Management Information System 
(Automatic Data Processing) 

- Employees' Grievances, Appeals and Classification 

- Combined Federal Campaign 

- Workmans ' Compensation 

Listed below are the number of employed technicians as of the end of 
each month for FY 1974: 

Month Army NG Air NG Total 

July 900 586 1486 

Aug 890 609 1499 

Sep 880 627 1507 

Oct 875 632 1507 

Nov 876 641 1517 

Dec 882 638 1520 

Jan 89 7 644 1541 

Feb 895 643 1538 

Mar 882 648 1530 

Apr 872 642 1514 

May 886 651 1637 

Jun 905 642 1547 

In July 19 73, the TPO was consolidated and, for the first time, 
administration of Army NG and Air NG technicians was centralized. 


The reclassification (downgrading) of many Army and Air NG technician 
positions, primarily in the maintenance areas, was completed 15 August 1973 
as directed by the National Guard Bureau. This reclassification, which 
also affected supply and fiscal personnel in the Army NG program, was 
required in order to align the technician positions with the Federal Civil 
Service standards as required by PL 90-486. Many reclassified technicians 


were adversely affected. However, "save pay" provisions of the reclassi- 
fication action lessened the overall adverse financial impact of down- 

Air Guard Technicians 

During Fiscal Year 1974, the number of Air Technicians increased 
from 582 to 647, a total increase of 65. Most of this increase was for 
the Air NG technician force in the F-106 Air Defense Interceptor program 
of the 102d Fighter Interceptor Group at Otis AFB. During FY 75, the 
ANG is faced with a programmed decrease of 24 positions, all at Otis AFB, 
due to the decrease in the number of tactical aircraft assigned. In May 
1974, the 102d Fighter Interceptor Group assumed its operational Air 
Defense mission. 

Army Aviation Technicians 

The Army Aviation Support Facility (AASF) was relocated from the 
Fitchburg Municipal Airport to the new ANG hangar facility at Otis AFB 
recently vacated by the 102d Fighter Interceptor Group. The initial 
move was accomplished on 1 Nov 73 and the final move completed on 30 
June 1974. Those AASF technicians desiring to relocate their residences 
were moved at government expense. The average cost for relocation allow- 
ances was $3500 per technician. 

Air Defense Technicians 

On 4 February 1974, the Department of Defense announced the phasing 
out of all NIKE-HERCULES Air Defense units in Continental U.S. This 
action had a great impact on the Army NG technician program since the 
203 positions of the 1st Bn, 241st Arty are to be eliminated by 26 October 
1974. Concurrent with this announcement, the NGB authorized each effected 
state to increase its Army NG manning structure to 100% in order to pro- 
vide continued employment for Air Defense technicians. 

As of 30 June 1974, all Mass. Army Air Defense Technicians who 
desired to relocate to new positions were accommodated. Many Air 
Defense technicians were downgraded by placement action, however, in 
most cases, they will continue to receive their present salaries for a 
period of two years under the provisions of Civil Service Regulations. 

Equal Employment Office 

Responsibility for the Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) program 
was transferred from the Technician Personnel Office to the newly created 
EEO section of the Adjutant General's Office effective in January 1974. 


Technician Training 

Many courses of instruction were provided for technicians either 
through the facilities of the U,S. Civil Service Training Center, Boston 
or by in-house training. The types of training and number ot technicians 
who attended is as follows: 


Executive and Management 9 

Supervisory (Phase I and II) 254 
Legal, Medical, Scientific 

or Engineering 10 

Administrative 19 
Specialty and Technical 

(including AST school) 84 

In January 1974, the TPO requested the Boston Regional Office, U.S. 
Civil Service Commission to make direct distribution of the Civil Service 
Commission training pamphlets to all our facilities and organizations in 
order to make technicians aware of the training available to them. 

The TPO has scheduled additional courses for supervisors and other 
technicians in the coming year. The Reduction-in-f orce of our Air 
Defense Battalion has created a need for retraining. Technicians 
reassigned as ASTs will be given the opportunity to attend special 
administrative and specialized courses. One such course is the basic 
and advanced typing course presently being coordinated with the Boston 
Regional Training Center of the U.S. Civil Service Commission, 

Air Defense Technicians reassigned as mechanics will be afforded 
the opportunity of attending appropriate military service schools in 
technician status <, 

Labor-Management Program 

At the present time there are five labor unions representing the 
Army and Air National Guard technicians. 

- Local Rl-154, National Association of Government Employees 

represents the Army Air Defense Employees. The contract and 
representative authority will automatically terminate on 
26 October 1974 with the final phase-out of the Air Defense 
Missile Battalion. 

- Local 1629, National Federation of Federal Employees represents 

all Army NG technicians except those employed in the Air Defense 


- Local 1670, National Federation of Federal Employees represents 

the Air National Guard technicians employed at the Worcester 
and Wellesley Air National Guard Stations, The contract, 
originally negotiated over two years ago, continues in effect 
because of an automatic renewal provision negotiated as part 
of the original contract* 

- Local 3004, American Federation of Government Employees represents 

the Air National Guard technicians, less security guards, at 
the Air National Guard facility, Otis AFB- During the past 
year a new labor-management agreement was negotiated and was 
approved by the National Guard Bureau on January 15, 1974, 
The contract will be effective for three (3) years, 

- Western Massachusetts Chapter, Association of Civilian Technicians 

represents the Air National Guard technicians employed at Barnes 
Municipal Airportc No contract is in effect at present since 
the original contract terminated on 9 May 74. 

Performance Ratings and Incentive Awards 

Every National Guard technician is rated annually on his performance. 
During the past year an additional category was added to the rating system 
with the rating categories of Outstanding, Excellent, Satisfactory and 
Unsatisfactory, Based on the recommendations of their supervisors, ten 
technicians were awarded "Quality Step Increases" and 19 were awarded 
"Sustained Superior Performance Awards" with each receiving a cash award 
of $150 to $200c There were 21 "suggestions" submitted by technicians 
during FY 74, three of which were approved with a cash award of $200- 
One special achievement award of $200 was made to a technician. 



Administration of the Military Division, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
is directed by the Assistant Adjutant General for Administration with an 
authorized force of 217 State employees. The mission is to provide the 
following services to elements of the Military Division: 

- Publications Management 

- Commercial communications 

- Receipt and dispatch of mail 

- Maintenance of Central Files 

- Reproduction facilities 

- Records holding area 

- Central library 

- Claims processing 

- Inspector General functions 

- War Records section 

- Unit Funds Audit 

- Budget Management, State Funds 

Within the functions of the Military Division of the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts the work force of State employees is allotted to the 
following activities: 

Activity Number of Employees 


The Adjutant General's Office' - Administration 39 

Division Headquarters and Special Staff 8 

War Records Section 10 

Maintenance of Armories 110 

Training Center, Camp Curtis Guild 7 

Storage and Maintenance Facilities 

(Natick and Ft. Devens) 33 


Army Aviation Facility, Otis AFB 10 


Expenditure of State funds in the amount of $2,867,414 was authorized 
in Fiscal Year 1974. A total of $117,481 was received during the same 

Schedule of Expenditures 

Administration and Maintenance $ 442,558 

State Uniform Allowance 64,713 


Special Duty $ 250,651 

Unit Fund Allowances 170,600 

Accident and Damage Claims 16,504 

War Records Section 76,315 

Administration - State Quartermaster 6,879 

Armories - Operation and Maintenance 1,494,899 

Rifle Range - Operation and Maintenance 56,032 

Maintenance of Storage Facilities 213,013 

Maintenance of Aviation Facility 72,350 

Spanish War Benefits 1,500 

Military Reservation Costs 1,400 


Schedule of Receipts 

Armory Rentals $ 68,818 

Rental - Camp Edwards Lease 38,223 

Sales 8,764 

Other Rentals 518 

Miscellaneous 1,158 

$ 117,481 

Central Files 

Central files are in the process of review, with a view of reducing 
required file space and retirement of 1964 through 1969 files to the 
Records Holding Area, Micro-filming of enlisted personnel records, 
military records and historical documents within the War Records Section 
is continuing. Records are being reviewed as directed by the State Records 
Conservation Program and is expected to be completed by 1 October 1974. 
Permission has been received to destroy enlisted personnel paper records 
one year after being placed on micro-film. 


Facility improvement has been effected at che State Headquarters 
with painting, papering and installation of carpeting. Installation of 
new telephone facilities, programmed for Fiscal Year 1974 has been post- 
poned because of New England Telephone Company production problems. 

A program of inventory and preservation of historical documents, 
trophies, pictures and artifacts was initiated during this period with 
the end in view of establishing an historical military museum. 


A new command and technical inspection technique was instituted in 
Fiscal Year 1974 culminating in a review and detailed anlysis of all 
inspection reports and follow-up aimed at improving unit operations. 
This resulted in improved performance in Annual General Inspections 
with a greatly increased percentage of Satisfactory ratings. 


War Records 

The War Records Section is an interesting adju:. toratu, 

it being the source of ce ^.tion of military service. As an indication 
of how bro id un umbrella that phr "millt irj uervj past 

year 23,840 oi : tliose certificates were issued from the following wa 

World War I. 2,640 

World War II 5,707 

Korean Conflict A, 669 

Vietnamese Conflict 2,306 

Spanish-American War 61 

Civil Wai 267 

Mexican Border War 27 

The Mexican-Ann n War (i846-48) 9 

Shay's Rebellion 3 

The remainder of that total was for more routine requests such as 
certificates of education and State Guard Service. The War Records Office 
also has compiled in book form the final record of the 1,420 Massachusetts 
casualties in the recent conflict in Southeast Asia. It also is the War 
Records Section that verifies Vietnam service for Massachusetts veterans 
so that they may claim the State Vietnam Bonus authorized in 1968. Since 
that time, 64,000 such applications have been certified. 

Because of a serious fire at the National Personnel Records Center 
in St. Louis, Missouri in July of 1973, the War Records Section has be^n 
engaged in a records reconstruction program. In excess of 200 inquiric 
a month were received from the National Records Center to replace military 
records were destroyed in that fire. * 


Personnel Section 

This section, with live State employees and nine Army National 
Guard Federal technicians assigned, is charged with the following 


- Maintenance of personnel data 

- Processing of enlistment & discharge records 

- Processing of Unit Morning Reports 

- Preparation of Special Orders directing personnel actions 

- Preparation of administrative directives 

- Preparation of & verification of Statements of Service 

- Administration of REP-63 active duty training 

- Administration of Line of Duty investigations 

- Administration of military service shccoi program 

- Issuance of CONFIDENTIAL security clearances 

- Processing of requests for higher level clearances 

- Processing of Unsatisiactory Participation actions 

- Processing of military retirement of National Guard personnel 

During this reporting period there was increased activity because 
of extensive recruiting and increased enlistment and the added requirement 
of selective retention processing of enlisted members. In excess of 500 
enlisted men were considered by retention boards and all were considered ■ 
eligible for retention, Selective retention boards also considered 113 
Officers and Warrant Officers for retention eligibility. 

Microfilming of military personnel records is continuing. C&er 
13,800 records 'have been filmed - to date. The project is massive, and 
therefore, time consuming. At the close of Fiscal Year 1974 approximately 
75% of the records for calendar year 1972 had been completed. 

Maintenance of personnel data is of continuing concern because of 
the ultimate effects upon the individual's pay, allowances, retirement 
credits, disability claims and promotion status. Anywhere from 6,000 to 
7,000 data changes are processed monthly and forwarded to National Guard 
Bureau. New data requirements necessitated going into the field to 
gather, process and key punch additional data cards on all personnel. 
Some of the data is required for implementation of the Joint Universal 
Military Pay System (JUMPS) in Fiscal Year 1975. Units, through major 
commands, are provided with TOE rosters each month for their use in 
preparing Special Orders relating to reassignments, transfers or other 
personnel actions. 


Unsatisfactory participation in scheduled drill assemblies and 
annual training has been a matter of great concern to all commanders 
and this headquarters. During the period 1 February 1973 - 30 June 1974 
131 cases were considered under the provisions of AR 135-91 with the 
following results: 

50 - Ordered to active duty for unsatisfactory participation 

38 - Cases still pending final determination 

18 - Appeals allowed at this headquarters or at Reserve Components 

Personnel Administration Center, St. Louis 
11 - Returned for resubmission because of administrative errors 

8 - Discharged because of hardship, medical or criminal matters 

4 - Recalled by units for other action 

1 - Appeal pending in St. Louis 

1 - Transferred to U.S. Army Reserve 

Recruiting and Retention 

During Fiscal Year 1974, there was no concern that commanded more 
of the energies and ingenuity of the Massachusetts National Guard members 
than those relating to personnel. Bringing manpower up to a level 
commensurate with the increased importance of the National Guard led to 
ambitious recruiting work across the state as well as to a greater emphasis 
on retaining existing Guard personnel. 

During the year a sharp rise in new enlistments was somewhat slowed 
by the loss of personnel opting for their normally scheduled separation. 
However, manning levels were increased by an overall net gain in strength 
of 305 for the year in ARNG and a net gain of 286 in ANG. 

Since it has been proven that men can be added to the ranks by enlist- 
ment more attention must turn to keeping them. 

Besides the actual recruiting drives, efforts to build and maintain 
manpower strength have included the schooling of some 300 Guard personnel 
in one of five 2-day Recruiting and Retention schools, the creation of a 
re-enlistment program and a special effort to involve minority groups in 
Guard membership and leadership- 

During Fiscal Year 19 74, the Massachusetts National Guard created an 
Equal Opportunities Office and accelerated equal employment opportunities, 
social actions and race relations programs 

At the heart of the effort are two full-time staff positions — an 
Equal Opportunity (EO) Officer and an EO Specialist -- both located at 
State Headquarters in Boston The new office is responsible for stimu- 
lating increased participation in the Massachusetts Army and Air Guard 
by members of minority groups, developing a program of race relations 
instruction for Guard members, creating awareness of and seeking out 
areas of discrimination within the Guard, and encouraging the enlistment 
of women in the Guard 


This office also insures chat Guard personel records are reviewed 
to find qualified minority group candidates for officers training programs 
and potential applicants for full-time technician positions , Records are 
also screened to promote minority participation in the Guard's specialty 
branches such as posts with the Military Police - 

The technician EEO program is designed to insure that the Massachusetts 
Guard does not discriminate against its employees on the basis of race, 
religion, sex, age or national origin- A fundamental part of the program 
is a carefully defined complaint and review procedure for anyone who feels 
he has been discriminated against The procedure which must be initiated 
within 30 days of the alleged incident, begins by approaching one of 30 
equal employment opportunity conselors across the state and, should the 
grievance not be resolved in the eight-step grievance procedure, ultimately 
could lead to a hearing in a federal court. 

Posters outlining the details of the procedure have been distributed 
to all Guard facilities by the counselors 

The program for technicians extends well beyond a complaint procedure, 
however- Technician applicants from various minority groups are being 
solicited in an effort to ensure that employees at a Guard facility reflect 
the character of the population in the area surrounding that facility. 
Also, a continuing emphasis is placed on the training and promotion of 
minority group technicians and a comprehensive effort is being maintained 
to ensure that no prejudice or discrimination exists within the Guard. 

Fundamental to the success of the EO program is the development of a 
sensitivity to minority problems on the part of EEO personnel- This has 
been accomplished to a great extent by means of special training that has 
included attendance at numerous specialty schools and seminars 

Included in this training program were the Defense Relations Institute 
in Cocoa Beach, Florida, the Boston Civil Service Commission programs, 
the Spanish Surname Program, and the Federal Women's Sympcsiunic This 
training proved invaluable in subsequent counseling sessions ^cndu^ted 
during Fiscal Year 19 74- There were six informal complaints of alleged 
discrimination and all were resolved at the local level by EEO counselors, 

Minority membership in the Massachusetts National Guard more than 
doubled in Fiscal Year 1974 from 216 on 1 June 1973 to 548 on 30 June 1974. 
Minority membership is presently 4,2% of total guard strength in the State 
whereas minority groups comprise only 3 7%o f the total population of the 

Female membership in the National Guard is a matter of continuing 
interest, A total of 38 females were enlisted during FY 7^ Continuing 
efforts to further recruit must be emphasized since this valuable source 
of talent is barely tappedo 



The Guar 



In September i973, the Operations and Training Section and Military 
Support of Civil Authority Section cf the Military Division were consoli- 
dated and redesignated as the Directorate of Plans, Security and Training 
(DPST) with responsibility for providing staff assistance to the Adjutant 
General in matters pertaining to plans and operations; organization and 
training; and intelligence and security In addition, the DPST was charged 
with exercising operational control of the ARNG Aviation Support Facility 
(AASFj and the Massachusetts Military Academy (MMA) 


The directorate is organized as follows: 

Staff Supervision ________ 

Operational Control 


Plans & Op- 





& Security 

& Training 
Bran -h 




Br anch 

Br an_h 


j Army 

| Aviation 

\ Support . 



p 7 

( Massachu- 
( setts 

| Military 
j Academy 

The DPST is manned by full-time Federal and State employees as wen 
as members of the Massa .huset is ARNG assigned to State Headquarters whc 
perform their inactive duty training UDT) and annual training (AT) with 
the Directorate With one excepticn, Federal empi.yees are also membe-s 
of the Headquarters & Headquarte-s Det3chroen r The foil wing chart 
summarizes the personnel manning oi DPST: 











Plans & Operations 




Intelligence & Security 




Organization & Training 








OCS/NCO Branch 




Adminis trative 








Totals 11 2 26 28 


The Plans and Operations Branch, DPST is specifically responsible 

a. Preparing, coordinating, maintaining and publishing State-level 
operations plans and supporting documents for Federal and State emergency 
missions assigned to the Mass ARNG. 

b, Reviewing emergency plans of subordinate units. 

Co Planning exercises necessary to test and exercise emergency plans. 

d« Establishing, coordinating, organizing and operating a State- 
wide communication (radio) system to include maintenance of equipment 
and publication of required instructions. 


Three unclassified emergency missions have been assigned to the 
Massachusetts ARNG either by Federal or State statute or regulation as 
indicated below A fourth emergency mission, classified as SECRET, has 
been assigned but will not be discussed in this report. 

Emergency Mission 

OPLAN NOc Type of Emergency 

1 Military Support of Civil Defense in the event 

of Nuclear Attack (Federal) 

2 Military Support of Civil Authorities in the 

event of civil disturbances or natural disaster 

3 Mobilization Plan to provide for the mobilization 

of ARNG units under a call or order to active 
Federal service 


These supporting documents for the plans are maintained by this section: 

Domestic Emergency Standing Operation Procedures 

Communications-Electronics Standing Instructions 

Communications-Electronics Operating Instructions 


During Fiscal Year 19 74, the Massachusetts ARNG assisted during the 
Chelsea fire in October 1973 and during a search for a person in Brockton 
in June 1973. 

On 14 October 19 74, under the provisions of Section 38, Chapter 33, 
General Laws of Massachusetts, Governor Francis W. Sargent directed The 
Adjutant General to order to State active duty necessary troops and equip- 
ment to assist the City cf Chelsea in enforcing the law and protecting the 
lives and property of the citizens of Chelsea, This assistance became 
necessary when a disastrous fire destroyed approximately 18 city blocks 
in Chelsea and the Mayor of Chelsea, Philip J. Spelman determined that the 
usual police/fire protection services needed reinforcement- 
Mass ARNG personnel and units assisted the City of Chelsea for 15 
consecutive days from 14 October 1973 through 28 October 1973 and provided 
road blocks, roving patrols, and static guard posts in the disaster area. 

Cost to the Commonwealth for this operation totaled $133,361.77 for 
pay, allowances, rations, and miscellaneous expenditures. 

On 22 June 1974, pursuant to Section 38, Chapter 33, General Laws 
of Massachusetts, Governor Francis W. Sargent directed The Adjutant 
General to provide assistance to the City of Brockton in the search for 
a young boy who had been missing for 4 days. The 1st Battalion, 241st 
Air Defense Artillery was ordered to State active duty on 22 June 1974 
for this mission. Approximately 145 members of this battalion assisted 
in this search on 22 June 19 74 until early evening when the search was 
terminated by the City of Brockton without finding the lost boy. Total 
cost to the Commonwealth for pay, allowances, rations and miscellaneous 
expenditures was $2,286.53. 

In order to insure that Mass ARNG units maintain a high degree of 
readiness for civil disturbance control operations, each unit assigned 
such a contingency mission, undergoes civil disturbance refresher 
training annually including a mandatory operational readiness inspection 
and a field training exercise. 


A feasibility test (CPX LABMATE II) of OPLAN 2 was conducted in 
March 1974. This was a joint exercise between the Mass ARNG and Mass 
CD Agency and tested the capability of both agencies to provide civil- 
military assistance in a simulated hurricane environment. Some 570 
Guardsmen and 100 Civil Defense Personnel participated in this exercise. 



Organization and Training Branch, DPST is specifically responsible 

a. Developing and maintaining the troop basis to include organizing 
and equipping units, assigning, attaching and detaching units, detachments, 
and teams; and mobilizing, activating and inactivating units. 

b. Allocating and controlling military manpower authorizations to 
include The Army Authorization Document System (TAADS) reports and sub- 
mission of Modification Table of Distribution and Allowance (MTDA) changes 
for both personnel and equipment of Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment, 
Massachusetts Army National Guard. 

c. Formulating, maintaining and supervising all aspects of the 
Commonwealth's training plans to include training objectives and needs; 
development of general and detailed training plans and programs including 
pertinent policies, directives, procedures and budgeting; and continuing 
evaluations of training of subordinate commands. 

d. Supervising marksmanship and special training programs to include 
State Rifle and Pistol teams; staff training for HHD Mass ARNG and detach- 
ment training of HHD Mass ARNG 

e. Programming and monitoring school training including the 
establishment of quotas and funding. 

f. Monitoring and administering readiness reporting systems. 

g. Administering the Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) test 

Several major changes were made during Fiscal Year 1974 in relocating 
and consolidating units which were accomplished to increase efficiency by 
providing better facilities, to locate units in areas more favorable or 
practical to economically support. 




ARNG Avn Spt Facility 
HHC 26 Avn Bn 
Co B 26 Avn Bn 
Co D 726 Maint Bn 

Westf ield 

Otis AFB 
Otis AFB 
Otis AFB 





Co E 726 Maint Bn 

HHT 1 Sq 26 Cav 

Trp A 1 Sq 26 Cav 

Trp B 1 Sq 26 Cav 

HHC 101 Engr Bn 

Det 1 Co A 101 Engr Bn 

Det 1 Spt Co 2 Bn 104 Inf 

Det 1 Co B 1 Bn 181 Inf 

293 Med Det 










Otis AFB 









Individual Training 

Individual training of members of the Army National Guard begins 
with their entry into the service and continues throughout their term 
of service through various educational methods available to them- 

REP-63 training is a period of active duty which Federal law requires 
each non-prior service enlistee to undergo and consists of basic combat 
and advanced individual training- During Fiscal Year 19 74, 710 non-prior 
service enlisted men underwent this training. 

Additional educational opportunities are available through non- 
resident (extension) courses programmed by the various Active Army 
Service Schools During Fiscal Year 1974, 450 Officers/Warrant Officers 
and 420 Enlisted Members of the Massachusetts Army National Guard partici- 
pated in these courses. 

Furthermore, resident education is available to members of the Army 
National Guard by attending Active Army Service and Area Schools as well 
as schools conducted at unit level - 

The chart below indicates the attendance at such schools as well as 
the Federal funds expended for pay, allowances and travel of students. 

Type of School 

Army Service Schools 
Army Area Schools 
Local Unit Schools 

Number of Personnel 

Total Costs 




lis 2,629 

S 305,215 
$ 134,699 
$ 113,795 
$ 553,709 

As part of the individual education program, each enlisted member 
is required by Army regulations to undergo an evaluation and examination 
in his Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) at least every four years or 
whenever his MOS is changed During this Fiscal Year approximately 3,500 
individuals were tested. 


Unit Training 

Unit training in the Massachusetts Army National Guard is conducted 
in accordance with policy, instructions and guidance furnished by Head- 
quarters, United States Forces Commander (FORSCOM) and is under the general 
supervision of Headquarters, First United States Army (FUSA) . The 
Adjutant General is responsible for insuring that training is conducted 
within the guidance furnished by these headquarters to insure that 
readiness is increased and that pre-mobilization training objectives are 

Pre-mobilization training objectives and yearly training level 
objectives are established by FUSA for each unit. These objectives are 
based on Army Training Programs (ATP) and are expressed in the number of 
weeks of training in either Basic Unit Training (BUT) or Advanced Unit 
Training (AUT) depending on the type of unit. The primary training mission 
of all units is to reach the established pre-mobilization objective so, 
if mobilized, the shortest possible time will be necessary before units 
can be deployed to combat zones. 

The Training Year (TY) begins with the first training assembly after 
Annual Training (AT) and ends on the final day of AT the following year. 
The TY is composed of two distinct phases - Inactive Duty Training (IDT) 
and Annual Training (AT) . 

IDT consists of 48 training assemblies (each of 4 hours duration) and 
is usually conducted within the Commonwealth using such facilities as Fort 
Devens and Camp Edwards as well as smaller facilities such as the Knights- 
ville Dam, Douglas State Park and others. 

IDT is conducted outdoors, usually on weekends, during the period 
1 March through 15 November anc * indoors, at home armories, during the 
period 15 November through 28 February. The objective of IDT is to 
conduct refresher training, develop and sustain team (section, squad and 
platoon) skills and to conduct other training required by Army Training 

Annual Training is the culmination of the training year and normally 
consists of 15 days of fulltime training at an Active Army installation 
with emphasis on company training, tactical realism and practical applica- 
tion. AT is designed to test, analyze and measure the Gombat readiness 
of each unit. Each unit undergoes a constant evaluation during AT by an 
Active Army evaluation team to determine its readiness and whether or not 
it has reached its yearly training level objective. Each unit that reaches 
its pre-mobilization objective must undergo an Army Training Test (ATT) 
to verify such achievement and this is also evaluated by Active Army 


Since training conducted at AT is company-level training with live 
fire of weapons and combined arms (Inf an cry-Armor-Artillery) training, a 
large Active Army installation which has the facilities and geographical 
areas necessary to support such training is normally utilized. However, 
during AT 1974, because of the fuel shortage, eight battalions, which 
normally would conduct AT at Camp Drum were rescheduled to Camp Edwards. 
Commanders of these 8 battalions were required to use even greater initiative, 
imagination and improved management to insure that yearly training level 
objectives were satisfied. 

Active Army Assistance 

In July 1973, the active Army underwent a massive reorganization 
designed to make it more responsive to the needs of its reserve compo- 
nents, the National Guard and Army Reserve. This reorganization resulted 
in the creation of 4 Army Readiness Regions (ARR) whose mission is to 
assist the reserve components by providing them training advice, assistance 
and resources of the Active Army. ARR I, located at Fort Devens , Massa- 
chusetts, has a geographical area of responsibility encompassing New 
England and New York and has proven to be a tremendous asset by providing 
timely and expert assistance to units of the Mass ARNG. 

Marksmanship Training 

In mid-1973, The Adjutant General directed that State Rifle and Pistol 
Teams be reactivated in order to stimulate marksmanship training throughout 
the Army and Air National Guard. 

Trials for these teams were conducted during June- July 19 73 and, afte_* 
team members were selected, they entered into various national and regional 
competitions during Fiscal Year 1974, 

The achievements of these teams, as indicated below, in such a short 
space of time is indicative of the dedication and desire of the team 
members. Support of these teams is provided by the Federal government 
in the way of equipment and expenses for national matches. Expenses for 
regional matches, generally, are subsidized by State funds. 

Marksmanship Awards FY 1974 


CPT Bernard M. Shuman 

181 Engr Bn 
SGT Thomas E, Campbell 

1 Bn 104 Inf 
CPT Bernard M. Shuman 

181 Engr Bn 
PSG Vincent A. Pestilli 

164 Trans Bn 
SSG Alfred W. Barasso 

1 Bn 182 Inf 

Type Competition 

1st Army Pistol Matches 1973 

1st Army Pistol Matches 1973 

New England NG Gallery Matches 1974 

New England NG Gallery Matches 1974 

Duchess County Pistol Assn 1974 



SSG Robert Jekanowski 

104 Tac Ftr Gp ANG 
PSG Vincent A. Pestilli 

164 Trans Bn 
SP4 David Walbridge 

1 Bn 104 Inf 
SGM Donald Langille 

1 Bn 110 Armor 
LTC William H, Crowley 


Type Competition 
Duchess County Pistol Assn 1974 
Duchess County Pistol Assn 1974 
Duchess County Pistol Assn 1974 
1st Army Rifle Matches 1974 
1st Army Rifle Matches 19 74 

During the 1st US Army Rifle and Pistol Matches in April 1974, the 
Pistol Team finished in 18th place out of 37 teams competing and the Rifle 
Team finished in 8th place out of 42 teams competing. 

Unit Awards Program 

The unit awards program for the Massachusetts Army National Guard 
was developed to recognize outstanding unit achievements and to foster 
morale and esprit* Chart below lists those awards bestowed during FY 1974. 

FY 1974 Unit Awards 

Award Title 



Knox Trophy (FA) Most Efficient Field Artillery 


Btry B 1 Bn 
102 FA 

Knox Trophy (ADA) 

Sons of the Revo- 
lution Trophy 

Armor Leadership 

Eisenhower Trophy 

Most Efficient Air Defense 
Artillery Unit 

Most Efficient Infantry 

Most Efficient Armor or 
Cavalry Unit 

Most Outstanding Unit in 
the Mass ARNG 

Btry A 1 Bn 
241 ADA 

Co C 1 Bn 
181 Inf 

HHT 1 Sqdn 
26 Cav 

Co D 114 Med 

Maintenance Award 

Superior Unit 

Unit with Most Efficient 
Maintenance Program 

Unit with Most Efficient 

Co D 114 Med 

HHB 1 Bn 241 


Btry A 1 Bn 

241 ADA 

Btry B 1 Bn 

241 ADA 

Co D 114 Med 




The Intelligence and Security Branch, DPST, is specifically responsible 

a. Producing intelligence to include the collection of information, 
the conversion of information into intelligence, and the dissemination of 
intelligence pertinent to emergency operations during natural disasters 
or civil disturbances. 

b. Maintaining liaison with local, State and Federal law enforcement 

c. Supervising and administering counterintelligence activities to 
include the protection of sensitive information, the protection of personnel 
against subversion, and protection of installations against sabotage, in- 
trusion or theft. 


The Massachusetts National Guard does not have the authority either 
by Army Regulations or State statute to conduct overt or covert intell- 
igence operations. However, because of its responsibility to provide 
military support to civil authorities, it must be kept abreast of current 
situations throughout the Commonwealth which might result in the employ- 
ment of National Guard units or personnel i Since 1967, close working 
relationships have been maintained with local, State and Federal law 
enforcement agencies, This has permitted the Military Division to be 
advised of conditions on a day-to-day basis which assists the National 
Guard in being prepared to meet its obligations under Sections 41 and 
42, Chapter 33, General Laws, Commonwealth of Massachusetts 


The areas of security responsibility can be clearly divided into 
two major functions: Document Security and Physical Security 

Document security encompasses the receipt, storage, handling, 
dissemination, downgrading, and destruction of documents (letters, 
regulations, pamphlets, etc) classified by the Federal Government and 
which are required on a "need-to-know" basis by personnel and units of 
the Massachusetts National Guard. 

In 1970, the Military Division entered into a phased procurement 
plan, using Federal funds, to replace all inferior storage cabinets at 
battalion and higher levels of command Approximately 45 GSA-approved 
cabinets were procured at a cost of $23,000 This procurement program 
was completed in 1973. 


Physical security is defined as the receipt, storage, handling, 
issue and use of Federal and State property and equipment issued to 
units and personnel of the Massachusetts National Guards 

The major emphasis of the physical security program has been 
towards improving the storage facilities used for weapons and ammuni- 
tion as well as improvement of internal controls over these items. 

Action taken to improve physical security of weapons and ammunition 
was divided into three phases : 

a. Phase 1 - Improve the structural conditions of all weapons and 
ammunition vaults and concurrently modify weapons racks and storage 
containers and procure high security padlocks and hasps. 

b. Phase 2 - Protect all weapons and ammunition vaults with 
Intrusion Detection Systems. 

c. Phase 3 - Develop internal control systems to insure that 
weapons and ammunition are strictly accounted for when issued for training 
or other purposes; implement strict key control systems to insure that 
keys to weapons racks and ammunition storage containers are issued and 
used by a minimum number of personnel; and adopt improved methods for 
police surveillance of armories during non-working hours. 

These improvements to the physical security program were completed 
in 1973. 

A follow-on phase was initiated in 1974 to improve the structural 
configuration of supply rooms in each armory in order to provide improved 
security for equipment other than weapons and ammunition. This phase 
will require approximately two years to complete. 



Cadets of the Massachusetts Military Academy pass the 
historic Old State House as they parade in Boston 


v ■ » 


In addition to their many military duties the MMA 
cadets find time to donate to critical Red Cross blood Banks 









Officer Candidate School and Non-Commissioned Officer Academy 

The OCS/NCO Branch, DPST is directly responsible for the opera- 
tional control of the Massachusetts Military Academy at the National 
Guard Training Center, Camp Curtis Guild, Reading. 

Officer Candidate School 

The Massachusetts Military Academy has furnished commissioned 
officers for the MassARNG since 30 August 1913, It is the oldest 
State-operated OCS in the United States and on 11 January 1951, it became 
the first to be certified and accredited by the Chief, National Guard 
Bureau. The Massachusetts Military Academy became the model for other 
states that followed and now each State operates its own OCS. 

The mission of the Academy is to train selected members of the 
MassARNG to accept the responsibilities of a commissioned officer. 
Its objective is to provide instruction, experience and motivation to 
each cadet enrolled so that he will acquire _he knowledge and qualities 
of leadership required of a commissioned officer and to develop in him 
a sense of duty, character, integrity, loyalty, and discipline. 

An Academic Beard, established under the provisions of Section 19, 
Chapter 33, General Laws, Commonwealth of Massachusetts and National 
Guard Regulation 351-5, establishes the educational policies, courses 
of study and standards of admission fcr the Academy. 

The United States Army Infantry School prepares, publishes and 
distributes the prescribed OCS program of instruction of approximately 
300 hours which closely parallels the resident OCS program. This 
instruction is taught by the members of the OCS/NCO Branch augmented 
by additional instructors from MassARNG units. 

Candidates for the Academy are volunteers who must possess 
specified prerequisites and successfully pass an entrance examination 
conducted by a selection boards 

Ail training is conducted at the Massachusetts National Guard Train- 
ing Center, Camp Curtis Guild, Reading. The training year covers a 
period of 13 months and is divided into three phases, 

PHASE I - 15 days full time duty 

PHASE II - 12 weekend training assemblies 

PHASE III - 15 days full time duty 


At the successful completion of Phase III of the training year, 
each cadet is commissioned as a Second Lieutenant and assigned to duty 
with a unit of the MassARNG, 

A total of 124 cadets were initially enrolled in this year's 
class. 88 of the cadets successfully completed training and graduated. 

An important facet of the Academy program, is the recognition of 
outstanding cadets by presentation of awards for their accomplishments 
within the academic year. These awards are made available in some 
cases by the generous support of donor organizations. The following 
awards were presented to graduates in FY 19 74: 





NG Association of 

HHC 1 Bn 110 Armor 


National Lancers 

Co B 1 Bn 182 Inf 

Drill & Ceremony LTG Otis M Whitney 

(In memory of MAJOR 

HHB 1 Bn 211 FA 


Military Order of 
Foreign Wars of the 
US, Massachusetts 

Btry A 1 Bn 241 ADA 

Field Leadership 

Massachusetts Bay 
Chapter, Association 
of the United States 

HHC 101 Engr Bn 

Outstanding Class Massachusetts Military 
Contribution Academy Alumni 


Co C 109 Sig Bn 

Honor Graduate 

Ancient & Honorable 
Artillery Company of 

HHB 1 Bn 211 FA 

Sergeants' Award 

Sergeants, Ancient & 
Honorable Artillery 
Company of Massachusetts 

HHB 1 Bn 211 FA 

Erickson Trophy National Guard Bureau 

HHB 1 Bn 211 FA 


NCO Academy 

In mid-1973, The Adjutant General, recognizing a need to provide 
quality education for potential non-commissioned officers and junior 
non-commissioned officers, tasked the Academy with the additional res- 
ponsibility of operating a Non-Commissioned Officers Academy at the 
National Guard Training Center, Camp Curtis Guild, Reading- 

The mission of the NCO Academy is to provide leadership and 
instructor training to selected enlisted personnel of the MassARNG who 
are potential or actual junior NCOs . Its objective is to increase the 
overall proficiency and effectiveness of the NCO Academy students. 

The program of instruction developed for the NCO Academy parallels 
that of its active Army counterpart except that it has been telescoped 
into a two-week period of full time training duty. 

Candidates for entrance to the NCO Academy are volunteers who must 
possess certain prerequisites and pass an entrance examination conducted 
by local Selection Boards. 

Class Number 1 of the NCO Academy began on 8 June 1974 with an 
enrollment of 70 students, 69 of whom graduated on 22 June 1974, This 
initial attempt at operating an NCO Academy was an unqualified success 
and it is planned to continue operation with the expectation that enroll- 
ment will increase in ensuing years. 

An awards program was established for outstanding students of the 
NCO Academy. The following members of the first graduating class were 
presented awards in June 1974: 




Honor Graduate 

The Adjutant General, 

HHC 101 Engr Bn 


The Adjutant General, 

The Adjutant General, 

HQ Trp 1 Sqdn 26 Cav 

Btry B 1 Bn 211 FA 


The Adjutant General, 

Btry A 1 Bn 241 ADA 

Co A 101 Engr Bn 



The primary mission of Army Aviation elements of the Massachusetts 
Army National Guard is to augment the capability of the 26th Infantry 
(Yankee) Division in the conduct of tactical training and emergency 

The Aviation Branch experienced a constant growth during Fiscal 
Year 1974. The Mass ARNG is authorized a total of 84 aviators and 45 
crewmember/non-crewmember positions in 11 separate aviation units or 
sections c At present 96% of all aviator military positions and 46% of 
all crewmember/non-crewmember military positions are filled with 
qualified personnel. 

During the 3d quarter of Fiscal Year 1974, the authorized manning 
of technician personnel from 58% (29 personnel) increased to 100% (50 
personnel) . 

Facilities at Otis Air Force Base are adequate to support aircraft/ 
helicopter assets, technician personnel and the 11 separate aviation units/ 
sections of Army National Guard in all aspects of aviator training and 
maintenance support. 

A total of eleven UH-1 utility helicopters and twenty-nine OH-6 
observation helicopters are assigned. Fixed-wing aircraft have been 
reduced throughout the Army National Guard inventory and the Mass ARNG 
assets now contain only one single engine U6A aircraft. Fiscal Year 1975 
programming of aircraft includes one each UH-1 and OH-6 helicopter to 
complete the authorized inventory, Further programming includes the 
turn-in of the one single-engine fixed-wing aircraft in the 2d quarter 
of Fiscal Year 1975 and the accepting of one multi-engine U8D command 
aircraft. All helicopters of the Mass ARNG are turbine powered and are 
of the same type now utilized by Active Army units throughout the world. 

The Army Aviation Support Facility is organized into two major 
elements, the Training and Operations Section and the Logistics (Maint- 
enance/Supply) Section. A major relocation of the facility from the 
Fitchburg Municipal Airport, Fitchburg, Mass to Otis Air Force Base was 
effected in November 1973 without incident. 

During Fiscal Year 1974, aircraft ferry crews participated in the 
pick-up and delivery of approximately 30 helicopters throughout the 
United States without accident. 

Transition Training and Rotary Wing Qualification of all aviators 
was initiated in late Fiscal Year 1973 and has been completed locally. 
New training programs are being and have been implemented to qualify 
assigned aviators , Much effort is being directed toward training of 
aviators to fly helicopters under instrument flight conditions. 



On 4 February 1974, the Department of Defense announced plans to 
deactivate all NIKE-HERCULES air defense sites in the Continental 
United States except for the Florida units in the Miami-Homestead and 
Key West Defenses Deactivation plans required that the two sites manned 
by Army National Guardsmen in Massachusetts at Lincoln-Wayland and Hull- 
Weymouth cease operations on 1 May 1974 and become completely inactive 
by 31 October 1974. 

The principal effect of this action would be the loss of 203 
technician spaces and the loss of 336 military spaces from the Mass 
ARNG troop list. Since a large number of the technicians started their 
employment careers in February 1955, this might have caused loss of 
jobs for personnel only a few months short of 20 years' technician 

However, two important actions were taken. The Adjutant General 
"froze" all existing technician vacancies on 4 February 1974 and 
National Guard Bureau authorized funding for 100% technician manning 
in all states accepting transfer of displaced air defense technicians. 
As a result, the Reduction-in-Force effects were alleviated to a great 
extent and the following results were attained: Of the 197 air defense 
technicians on board, 135 were offered technician positions in other 
ARNG organizations, 11 were offered positions in ANG and all accepted. 
An additional 18 accepted technician positions in other States, 4 filed 
for retirement and 29 resigned to accept outside employment. 

During its service in air defense, the battalion compiled an enviable 
record including the following accomplishments: 

1963 - Winner of ARADCOM Commander's Trophy for "Outstanding ARNG 
Battalion in the CONUS Air Defense Task Force". 

1963/64 - Commendation - All units, HQ and 4 Firing Batteries, 
received SUPERIOR racings in Annual General Inspections. 

1965 - Commendation - Highest Scoring Battalion in ARADCOM at 
Short Notice Annual Practice (Battalion average score of 99.0%). 

1966 - Commander's Trophy - "Outstanding Battalion in 1st Region, 
Army Air Defense Command". 

1967 - Commander's Trophy - "Outstanding Battalion in 1st Region, 
Army Air Defense Command". Only battalion ever to win the award two 
successive years. During the history of the award, only one other 
battalion, an Active Army battalion in Thule, Greenland won the award 


1966, 68, 70, 72 - A total of six "CLOSED REPORTS, NO REPLY REQUIRED" 
in Nuclear Technical Proficiency Inspections, three conducted by Defense 
Nuclear Agency inspection teams and three conducted by Army Air Defense 
Command inspection teams. 

1967-1971 - All SUPERIOR ratings in Annual General Inspections of 
all units in the Battalion. AGI ' s have not been rated since 1971. 
The HQ Battery received a "CLOSED REPORT" in the 1972 AGI. 

1967-1969 - Command Maintenance Management Inspections resulted 
in 3 Certificates of Proficiency, "All areas satisfactory, rating in 
excess of 90%," and 3 certificates of Merit, "Rating in excess of 
90%." A total of 15 Zero Defects Awards were received by the firing 
batteries. "Scoring of CMMI was discontinued after 1969." 

1971-1974 - NGB "Superior Unit" awards to all units of the batta- 

1974 - "Sustained Superior Performance at Annual Service Practice" 
awarded by the Commanding General, U.S. Army Air Defense Command for 
FY 1971-1974 SUPERIOR service practice scores in both firing batteries. 

During FY 1974, personnel of the battalion continued their support 
of community activities with open house tours for school and scout 
groups, support of charitable groups such as the New England Home for 
Little Wanderers, support of local blood bank programs and participation 
in community sports programs . 



The USPFO activity is under the supervision of the United States 
Property & Fiscal Officer. Organization of the activity is shown below: 




Assigned for 



















The U.S. Property & Fiscal Officer is responsible to the Adjutant 
General for the proper obligating, accounting, reporting, financial 
planning and administrative control of all federally appropriated funds 
allotted to the State for National Guard use. 

These funds are allotted to the State by National Guard Bureau and 
other Government agencies for the following purposes: 

- Maintenance of Federal equipment issued to the State. 

- All Federal contractual functions for the National Guard of the 
State including Federal construction contracts and procurement of National 
Guard supplies, equipment and services. 

- Authorization of transportation of National Guard supplies, equip- 
ment and personnel. 

- Federal pay and allowances of all personnel. 

Manning of USPFO activities is established by periodic manpower 
surveys. Staffing patterns result from statistical survey of workloads 
and man-hour requirements. As of 1 July 1973, the USPFO activity was 
authorized 94 technician spaces,. Effective 1 July 1974, a technician 
force of 115 spaces was authorized with full employment permitted to 
accomodate placement of Air Defense technicians affected by a Reduction- 

During the Fiscal Year covered by this report, Federal funds were 
allotted to the Massachusetts Army and Air National Guard for the purposes 
and in the amounts shown on the following page. 

Budget Branch 

The USPFO recommends to the Adjutant General an annual financial 
plan for utilization of Federal funds allotted to the State. The Budget 
Branch is required to prepare budget submissions, supervise monthly reports 
and submit reports to budget Program Directors and conduct quarterly 
budget reviews. 

Fiscal Branch 

This branch maintains records pertaining to the status of Federal 
funds to include obligations and disbursements of funds, assuring correct- 
ness of vouchers and necessary follow up and filing of vouchers after 
disbursement. This branch also allocates funds to the Air National Guard 
bases after receipt from the National Guard Bureau* Records are main- 
tained for the current Fiscal Year and also two prior years, to include 
reports of allotments, status of allotment by projects, commitments, 
obligations, disbursements, expenditures, expenditure refunds, collections 
and adjustments, military pay and per diem payments. 




$ 51,056.534 

15 Days Per Year 




«8 Drills Per Year 













Technician Payrolls 

Biweekly payrolls for National Guard Technicians during Fiscal 
Year 1974 included the preparation of technician payrolls and maintain- 
ing of retirement records, insurance records, health benefit records, 
leave records, and various reports as required by the National Guard 
Bureau, Civil Service Commission and the State Board of Retirement of 
Massachusetts . 

During FY 1974 Massachusetts National Guard technicians purchased 
U.S. Savings Bonds, through payroll deductions, at a total purchase cost 
of $205,731. Technicians are authorized to participate in three insurance 
programs. Payments are made through payroll deductions biweekly. Insur- 
ance purchases are as follows: 

N.G. Association Insurance Trust $149,240 

Health Benefit Plans 457,522 

Federal Employees Government Life Insurance 46,252 


The Logistics Division, under the supervision of the Supply Manage- 
ment Officer, is organized to include Inventory Management Branch, Stor- 
age and Distribution Branch, Transportation Branch, Repair Parts Center 
and Service Stock Account for Clothing. During FY 1974, 311,283 supply 
transactions (Issues and Receipts) were processed. Service Stock, est- 
ablished to issue individual clothing, processed over 97,834 line items 
during the same period. 

The status of selected items of mission-essential equipment in the 
hands of units of the Massachusetts Army National Guard is as follows : 

Aircraft, Fixed Wing 1 

Aircraft, Rotary Wing 41 

Revolver, Cal .38 115 

Rifles, small 13,686 

Machine guns 801 

Howitzers, towed 76 

Howitzers, self-propelled 2 

Armored vehicles 23 

Truck, 1/4 ton 800 

Truck, 3/4 to 2 1/2 ton 1,434 

Truck, 5 and 10 ton 310 

Trailers, cargo 1,639 

Semitrailer, all types 84 

Engineer Construction equipment 62 

Radio Set 1,356 

Generator Set, Trailer Mounted 55 


In addition, special equipment provided by separate funding from 
Military Support to Civil Authorities allowances is made available for 
troop use in civil disturbances. 



Face Shields 


Body Armor, Fragmentation 


Disperser, Riot Control 




Sniper Rifles 




During this period a total of 133 transportation requests were 
issued for movement of personnel to and from Annual Training sites. 
Travel was arranged by commercial carriers, either airline or bus, at a 
total cost of $307,600. Approximately 256 tons of supplies and equipment 
was shipped out and incoming shipments of 1,178 tons were received. 
Total shipment costs of approximately $21,000 were obligated from funds 
allotted to the State. An additional 860 tons, incoming and outgoing, 
were funded by other agencies. 

Purchasing and Contracting 

The major areas of daily operations within this branch include 
purchase and contract for lubricants and heating fuels, gasoline, 
purchase procedures for subsistence items and the issue of, delivery, 
and purchase orders for the local procurement of equipment and supplies 
which cannot be obtained through the Army Supply System. Underground 
refueling stations are maintained in 20 locations throughout the State 
for refueling government vehicles and equipment: 

The total dollar value of all gasoline and diesel fuel purchased 
for travel to and from Annual Training sites and during Inactive Duty 
Training periods was $342,500. Two service contracts were administered 
for operation of training sites and Logistical Support Facilities. An 
expenditure of $61,300 was required for training sites $16,000 of which 
was provided for utilities and $37,400 for materials and supplies for 
maintenance and repair. The remaining $7,900 was for several costs of 
a miscellaneous nature. Operation and maintenance of Logistical Support 
Facilities required an expenditure of $330,300. Of this amount, 
$141,200 was for utilities and $109,050 for material and supplies for 
maintenance and repair, Also included is the amount of $59,000 for 
minor construction projects at logistical support facilities. The 
remaining $21,050 was for several costs of a miscellaneous nature. 


Data Processing 

The mission and responsibility of this branch is to provide manage- 
ment data service and support to all functional areas of the Office of 
the USPFO and the State Military Department. This section is currently 
operating with an IBM 360/20 Card Processor Computer with 8,000 mer.-.ory 
positions and is in the process of converting to 1401 Magnetic Tape 
System with 8,000 memory positions. Below listed figures are for Fiscal 
Year 1974: 

Total cards prepared for data update 3,240,000 

Total bytes of data stored 55,040,000 
Number of active computer programs 416 V 

Total machine hours utilized 13,320 

Among the primary active computer programs are those pertaining 
to inventory and stock control, personnel data and rosters, and personal 
data pertinent to processing of technician payrolls. 

Examiner Branch 

The mission of the Examiner Branch is to perform annual examinations 
of accounts between the United States Property and Fiscal Office and the 
responsible officers entrusted with Federal property and to conduct in- 
ternal reviews within the office of the USPF0. In addition to reviewing 
accounting records, making corrections when required, conducting invent- 
ories of property, evaluating the application of regulations and direct- 
ives, a review is made of the last State and Federal Annual General 
Inspections to insure compliance with reported items. During this report' 
ing period 72 annual and special audits were completed. 



The Directorate of Maintenance, under the supervision of the State 
Maintenance Officer, administers the State maintenance program and pro- 
vides support maintenance activities for organizations and activities of 
the Army National Guard except Army Aviation and Air Defense mission 
equipment. Present organization of the Shop Control Office and Combined 
Support Maintenance Shop is shown below: 

Shop Control Office 

Asst SMO 




Combined Support Maintenance Shop 





Inspection & 
Quality Control 











Several manning structur. occur 1 -''! in Lhe Fiscal Year a. 
the Stale Maim d 100% I ician manrd 

opposed to Lhe prcvioui omodale displaced air de. 

technicians where : Ly 'J- I Lions author! z 

within lIk' organlzat 

From its Shop Control Ofl I C ted Support Maintenance Shop 
at Fort Devens it plans for and , technically qualified personnel 
in order to - 

-- conduct inspections, provide assistance, technical guidance 
and instruction for local units through its Inspection and Quality Control 

-- perform maintenance repair of all types of automotive 
and allied equipment and components, including tactical support, combat, 
commercial and special-purpose vehicles. 

-- perform or arrange for maintenance and repair of all types 
of armament, including weapons, sighting and fire control instruments, 
tank turrets and allied equipment. 

-- provide for maintenance and repair of all types of electronic 
and communications materiel, including telephone, telegraph, radio, radar 
and surveillance equipment. 

-- perform support work for other shop sections by providing 
services such as welding, glass cuLting, woodworking, painting and 
canvas and leather repair. t 

During this period approximately 15,000 work requests from supported 
units were completed to include repairs, modifications and calibration 
of all types of equipment. To assist in enhancement of the security of 
small arms a total of 750 rifle racks were modified, vault hinges and 
security lockers and chests were also modified. 

Personnel of this activity have completed training requirements 
related to vehicle repair of t -ries truck and the M151. Addi- 
tional personnel have been trained in Tire Classification and Repair and 
Fuel Injection Systems. A total of 42 maintenance personnel are presently 
enrolled in appropriate extension courses. 

Some improvement has been made In facilities such as installation 
of an exhaust system in the s . r of fences to improve security 
and provision of a rest area for xng and eating. 

In addition to regular dut: rsonnel have been involved in 
recruiting activities and in conjunction with the Fort Devens Community 
Relations Office have provided c in clcan-up projects and 

equipment displays. 


State Quartermaster's Office I 

The office of the Director of Facilities and Engineering oversees 
capital expenditure for construction of new and maintenance or repair of 
existing National Guard facilities. This office designs and monitors ^ 
construction of new facilities, makes plans for renovations and provides 
inspection support for both. 

Approximately $100,000 worth of work was contracted for in the areas 
of fuel dispensing facilities, battery storage rooms, paving, shop addi- 
tions and roofing. Personnel also prepared long range capital expenditure ■ 
studies and economic and feasibility studies of various facilities. 

The high point of- FY 1974 for the facilities and engineering personnel 
was the official acceptance and occupation of the new armory at fading 
a unique and innovative Army National Guard facility. This armory, built 
by a private contractor at a cost of approximately $800,000 is a multi- 
unit facility housing four units in its 36,000 square feet of space. 
Its features include air conditioned classrooms, modern kitchen facilities 
including dishwashers, a modem dining hall and ground level supply rooms 
for easy loading and storage. - 

The new facility replaces two armories, in Medford and Lowell, and 
relieves overcrowding in several others. During the year, armories in 
Haverhill, Fitchburg and Medford were turned over to local governments 
for civilian use. 

Approximately $61,300 was spent for reconditioning and renovation 
at the Massachusetts National Guard Training Center, Camp Curtis Guild, 
Reading and at the former NIKE-AJAX missile site at Rehoboth, now occu- 
pied by HHC, 109th Signal Battalion. 

One of the more important accomplishments has been completion of 
the installation of Intrusion Detection Systems in all installations 
of the Army and Air National Guard containing arms storage facilities. 
Along with modification of arms storage racks, storage lockers arms 
rooms and arms room doors, this has greatly enhanced the security of I 
small arms. 

Another important function of the engineering and facilities office J 
is its armory inspection capability. During FY 19^, numerous inspections 
were made by a team from the office which included specialists in security, 
mechanics, fire prevention and construction. These inspections result 
in further renovations and improvements as required. 




Community Action 

The National Guard has a long history of close community ties, and 
it is natural that today's Massachusetts Army and Air National Guard units 
add to the tradition. They are doing so in a variety of projects ranging 
from Boy Scout troop sponsorship to antipollution efforts. All are in 
accordance with a program the Department of Defense calls "Domestic Action." 

In 1969, the National Guard Bureau announced it hoped each local 
unit would be involved in at least one Domestic Action program each year, 
a move which resulted in activities that far outpaced that goal. Adding 
to the motivation to participate, is a Defense Department policy of rec- 
ognizing outstanding projects each year with special awards and ceremonies. 
One of its top awards during Fiscal Year 1974 went to the 104th Tactical 
Fighter Group at Barnes Municipal Airport, Westfield, in recognition of 
its extensive community involvement previously outlined in this report. 

Major General Francis S. Greenlief , Chief, National Guard Bureau, 
said, "We consider that work in Domestic Action is second in importance 
only to actual readiness training." As a result, there are few restrict- 
ions on National Guard community projects. The major guideline is that 
National Guard units may not perform the community work in lieu of training 
for their primary mission. The community projects must be in addition to 
or a by-product of mission training. 

Under this policy, an engineering or construction unit can make a 
community project an especially useful way to learn to use equipment and 
perfect skills while helping to improve public facilities such as parks 
and recreation areas. 

What the guidelines do not allow, however, is a combat unit using 
valuable drill time for a clean-up project or recreational outing. 

Training time for the Guard has become precious as units seek to 
become and remain fully capable of mobilizing shortly after ordered to 
do so, In its role as primary back-up for the active armed forces in 
future emergencies, National Guard units cannot afford to "take a break" 
in training to perform some other service, regardless of the value of 
that service to society, 

The policy thus requires that a project must contribute to the 
development of a unit or individual skill if it is to be done during 
training periods and supported by training funds. Otherwise, the pro- 
ject must be done on a voluntary basis, but certainly with National 
Guard equipment or facilities when appropriate. 

Community projects have a significant effect on the people performing 
them as well as the people they serve. 


"In manning, for example," according to Dr. Thecdcre Marrs, Deputy 
Assistant Secretary cf Defense for Reserve Affairs, "we have found that 
the units that are exceptionally active in social projects generally have 
the highest morale These people feel a greater sense of purpose and 

.mpiishment Through group practice of full citizenship responsibi- 
lities they enjoy a greater public prestige and respect and thus public 
attitude is reflected in the willingness of iccal people to become reser- 
vists and for reservists to remain in their units foi additional terms 
of service " 

While many Guard community action projects develop in answer to 
lo; 3 i community needs, there are a few projects that are common to large 
numbers cf units either by design cr coincidence - 

Eut rcphication Survey 

One planned instance of this has been a joint Department of Defense- 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) nationwide water sampling effort, 
the National Eut cophication Survey Eutrophi cation occurs when excessive 
plant growth, notably algae, strangles a lake or water body. This growth 
is speeded by an overabundance of nutrients such as phosphates which 
enter the water via municipal and industrial wastes 

In an eticrt that concluded during Fiscal Year 1974, thousands of 
National Gu3-dsmen, including many in Massachusetts, sampled designated 
bodies of water at regular intervals, sending water specimens to an EPA 
laboratory for analysis. The overall effort helped the EPA pinpoint 
water bodies in the most danger of pollution damage 

Response from the project tc Ma^c: General Vahan Vartanian, The 
Adjutant General, included a letter from Louis R Dworshak, ;oordmator 
:r Military Resources for the s^r'.ey, who said, "As we approach the 
eleventh month cf Phase III, tributary sampling of the National Eutroph- 

cicn Survey in Massachusetts, may we pass along the comment from our 
laboratry in Carvallis, Oregon, the receiving point of your water samples, 
that "a^ is well " 

"Our thrust has been," the letter continued, "to develop sufficient 
and ne^essdiy knowledge of nutrient source, concentration and threat to 
selected fresh water lakes as a basis lor structuring recommendations 
leading tc .ompr ehensive ana coordinated State, regional and national 
management practices with iespe_t to sewage treatment plant effluent and 
industrial discharge nutrient removal and land use controls in tributary 
drainage areas " 


Aftermath of the Chelsea fire - eighteen city blocks totally destroyed 

Weary firefighters rest while a Guardsman stands by to keep sightseers 
away from the smoldering and dangerous ruins 

Miscellaneous Community Projects 

A random sample of feedback from other Massachusetts National Guard 
community action programs follows: 

"On Tuesday evening, December 4, the Josepheens of St. Joseph's 
Parish, Holbrook, held their annual Christmas party. Our honored guests 
this year were the senior citizens of Holbrook and the evening's enter- 
tainment was a grand and glorious Christmas concert provided by the 215th 
Army National Guard Band, The concert was of exceptionally generous length 
and did our hearts good to see so many golden agers tapping their toes 
and softly singing along." 

Mrs. Gloria Murphy, Vice President 
of the Josepheens, Holbrook, Mass 

"On Tuesday and Wednesday of this week, four groups of 4 year 
olds from our school visited the National Guard armory here in Whitinsville, 
The men were most cordial to the children and showed them their equip- 
ment. Not only did the children learn a great deal; the teachers had a 
good education of the overall work of the Guard." 

Mrs, Helen D. Walker, Director 
pre-kindergarten, G.M, Whitin 
Memorial Community Association, 
Whitinsville, Mass 

"The clean sweep on Saturday, December 1, was more than a success 
thanks to the presence and hard work of your men. They worked hard and 
long to help us remove the refuse people collected and when it turned out 
that there was much more than the two trucks could handle, the men 
shifted gears to coordinate with city departments. 

People of the neighborhood were very impressed and pleased 
that the Guard would help them with a local problem. It encouraged 
people to get out and work even harder because they felt the Guard was 
there to back them up . . " 

Rep, Melvin King, House of 
Representatives, Boston, Mass 

"On behalf of the Boy Scouts of America, Troop 32, of St. 
Mary's Parish, West Quincy, Mass. I would like to take this opportunity 
in expressing our thanks and appreciation for all the assistance you gave 
in helping to make our trip to Hidden Valley Camp, NH most enjoyable." 

John J- McSweeney, Braintree, Mass 


"The Task Force for the Health Fair for the Elderly of Greater 
New Bedford would like to express appreciation and commendation to the 
New Bedford Unit of the National Guard. The Health Fair for the elderly 
was a major undertaking for this community, and the assistance and 
support of the National Guard deserves special recognition. Specifically, 
the National Guard took charge of arranging transportation for the elderly 
to and from the Fair* Needless to say, it was an enormous operation 
and one vital to the success of the Fair," 

Dr, Alvin J, Simmons, Director of 
Public Health, New Bedford, Mass 

There are many other community action projects with Army and Air 
National Guard involvement that can be detailed in this report. Many of 
the projects are performed quietly in neighborhoods across the State, 
coming to the attention only of those directly involved. 

Here is just a sampling of other projects during the past 12-18 
months involving Army and Air National Guardsmen in Massachusetts: 

- In the spring of 1973, National Guardsmen from the North Adams 
area helped man checkpoints while 175 local youths made 20 and 30-mile 
bicycle rides to raise more than $2,000 for the Massachusetts Association 
for Retarded Citizens - 

- Westfield Air National Guardsmen manned an ambulance at Westfield 
State College while local retarded children participated in the Special 

- Easter greetings and toy rabbits were brought to children confined 
in Lawrence Memorial Hospital, Medford, during the holiday, courtesy of 
the 101st Engineer Battalion. 

- National Guard trucks were used to police the road between 
Abington and Hingham along which 800 volunteers were walking to raise 
money for a food cooperative in Mound Bayou, Miss, 

- School bus riders in Holland, Mass were no longer endangered by 
the old, rickety May Brook Bridge after the 181st Engineer Battalion of 
Southbridge installed a portable Bailey Bridge on the site. 

- Engineer Guardsmen from Woburn helped the Boys 1 Club of Stoneham 
by performing some land fill, leveling and walk and platform construction 


- Springfield Guard members distributed "Coffee Day" kits from the 
Easter Seal Society to local restaurants. 


One of our friendly recruiters of the 104th Tactical Fighter Group 
at Holyoke for the St. Patrick's Day parade 

Members of 104th Tactical Fighter Group in the 
Polish-American Veterans parade at Chicopee 

- During -up oJ rbor, . onal 
Guard volunl( . onal Lnsti oving 
debris from th Charles Riv 

- Wh( <u'-h School als n oving equipment and 
bcokb . rmcdiato school, itional 
Guard provided much of the muscle. 

- Red Cross Blood Drives across the State receive continual support 
from local National Guard units both Army and Air. 

- In an effort to open up parts of the Wading River in Norton for 
canoeing and rafting, National Guardsmen waded in and cleared debris. 

- Senior citizens in Salem who were unable to leave their homes to 
get their share of free U.S. Department of Agriculture foodstuffs had 
theirs delivered by the National Guard. 

- When the Mystic Wellington Yacht Club hosted 450 underprivileged 
inner city youths at a cookout, National Guard buses and drivers got 
them there. 

- When an 11-year old Hannond, NY boy was lost in the area of Cai 
Drum, NY hundreds of Massachusetts Guardsmen attending annual training 
took to the woods to find him. He rode heme in a National Guard 


- The 114th Medical Battalion participated in a mass Casualty 
Exercise at Boston's Logan Airport. t ' 

- The B'rockton based artillery Guard unit hauled 16 junked cars 
off to a scrap yard during a weekend, leading to the collection of 
$1,230 which sent 16 JiroekLj.L youths to camp. 

- National Guard Armories were, used during a series of breakfasts 
which raised $1.5 million for the Boy Scout" of America. 

- A Taunton unit contributed the necessary materials for the 
construction of a nature tr >r Raynham School children which will 
be constructed behind the Li Hie B. Merrill School. 

The Air National Guard has been as busy as Army counterpart and 
the following is a list of just some of its activities: 

- Personnel from Westfield provided primary assistance to the 
Westfield Fire Department during a recent major lumber yard fire. 


- The previously mentioned Department of Defense citation to Air 
Guard personnel at Westfield was the result of a burgeoning community 
program which includes the sponsorship of Little League, a scholarship 
fund, United Fund, Boy Scouts and the YMCA, as well as participation in 
Rec Cross blood drives, recycling programs, Neighborhood Youth Corps, and 
a long list of parades, just to name a few. 

- Personnel from Otis Air Force Base recently hosted a tour of the 
base by 12 Falmouth Selectmen. 

- The 102d Engineering Flight from Otis helped with construction of 
a helicopter pad at Falmouth Hospital. 

- The Worcester Air National Guard provides assistance to the Civil 
Air Patrol Squadron in the area, assisting in military training of cadets 
and instruction in areas such as electronics, mechanics and communications. 

Legislative Program 

Fundamental to creating and maintaining interest in belonging to the 
Massachusetts National Guard is a program of benefits that further en- 
hances its attractiveness. Progress was made in that direction during 
FY 1974, and hopefully, there is more to come. 

Meeting with approval in the State Legislature during FY 1974 was 
a group of bills which included the following: 

---Provision for matriculation and tuition fees at State Schools 
for dependents of Guardsmen who die or sustain permanent total* disability 
while on State active duty. m 

---Provision for the repair or replacement of a Guardsman's eye 
glasses, dentures or prosthetic devices destroyed or damaged while on 
State active duty. 

—-Provision for the establishment of "Massachusetts National Guard 
Week" to include Armed Forces Day. It will serve as an occasion for 
both recognition and recruiting. 

— Provision for the creation of a special commission to study the 
possibility of a Massachusetts National Guard Training Center as well 
as to study several other Guard related matters such as revision of 
State militia laws and extending eligibility for membership in the 
State Employees Credit Union to National Guard personnel. The training 
center would be a consolidated training site with acreage and facilities 
adequate to fulfill training needs of various units in the State. Such 
a single site facility does not now exist and some units perform annual 
training out of the State. 


Guardsmen collect toys, games, books and clothing to 
make Xmas merrier for some needy children 

Guard engineers construct a temporary bridge 

There were three other important changes during the year: 

One was the raising of the maximum coverage under the federally 

sponsored Serviceman's Group Life Insurance (SGLI) from $15,000 to 
$20,000 and extending the coverage of the policy to a fulltime basis 
rather than just scheduled training periods. 

The second was a State level life insurance coverage of $15,000 

for State Active Duty periods. This State policy is payable in addition 
to the fulltime federal policy. 

The third was the provision for Post Exchange or Base Exchange 

privileges at Army, Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps Exchanges one day 
for each day of scheduled drill. 

Significantly, more legislation is under consideration for submission 
to the Massachusetts Legislature for action at its next session. It would 
include the following: 

Adjustment of certain pay inequities incurred by lower ranking 

enlisted men when and if they are called to State Active Duty. 

Provision for Special NG registration plates with costs to be 

borne by the individuals. 

Provision for some retirement benefits between the ages of 50 

and 60 for National Guard personnel eligible to receive Title III 
benefits after reaching 60 years of age. 

Provision for legal protection in the event civil or criminal 

action is brought against Guard personnel while they are on State Active 

A reenlistment bonus averaging $130 for enlisted men, grades 

E-l to E-6. 

Provision for a $100 bonus for non-prior service enlisted men 

satisfactorily completing their first term of National Guard service. 

Payment by the State of 50% of the matriculation fee and tuition 

at State schools for National Guard members who are students. 

Annual State income tax exemption of $600 for active National 

Guard members successfully completing that calendar year's National Guard 

Provision for free parking for Guard personnel at State parks 

under the jurisdiction of the Department of Natural Resources and the 
Metropolitan District Commission. 


Provision for a 50% reduction in camping fees for Guardsmen using 

parks under the jurisdiction of the Department of Natural Resources. 

Provision for increased allotments to unit funds to offset increased 

costs of telephone service and other purchases. 

Provision for allowing compensation to Guardsmen for some forms 

of State Active Duty to be exempt from State income tax. 

Public Information 

The mission of the State Public Information Office is to provide 
public information, command information and community relations guidance 
and services for the Massachusetts National Guard. 

The addition of the 65th Public Information Detachment to the State's 
troop list has helped greatly in accomplishing this goal c The Detachment 
is attached to and co-located with the Hq & Hq Detachment at Boston. 

In addition to providing four officers and 13 enlisted specialists 
to support the public and command information functions, the Detachment 
also provides the Massachusetts National Guard with much needed darkroom 
and photographic equipment. 

Public Information Activities 

Public Information teams attend summer field training encampments 
with non-divisional units in the State in addition to the Massachusetts 
Military Academy and Non-Commissioned Officer Academy field training 
sessions . 

In addition to providing information on these encampments and 
individuals to the local media, information personnel, 

provided guidance and suggestions to commanders on community 

oriented projects and recruiting, 

supported the State Recruiting & Retention Officer in the present- 
ation and implementation of advertising and supporting publicity materials 
for the State-wide recruiting campaign. 

assisted the Equal Employment Opportunity Officer in publicizing 

the goals and accomplishments of the State EEO Office. 

assisted The Adjutant General and State JAG in the presentation 

of pertinent information surrounding the imprisonment of Guardsmen for 
unsatisfactory drill attendance, 

provided assistance to the news media during the Chelsea fire. 


provided publicity support for several community oriented projects, 

including the Guards' march for "Horizons for Youth." 

Command Information 

Public Information personnel provided full editorial services for 
the State's National Guard magazine, The Minute Man which was revived 
during the past year. After more than two years of non-publication, the 
magazine, funded entirely by advertising revenue and by the National 
Guard Association of Massachusetts, is distributed free to all Massachusetts 
Army and Air Guardsmen and is the major source of command information 
within the Massachusetts National Guard. 

State Guard 

A long inactive part of the State's military program took, on new 
life and importance during the past year, leading to the emergence of 
a five-brigade State Guard. 

What just a few years ago was a faded role in the State's military 
system — rich in tradition but devoid of manpower and official mandate — 
has emerged as a valuable adjunct to the State's National Guard. The 
State Guard is intended to serve in a reinforcement capacity to the 
National Guard, providing added strength in key parts of its mission. 
Thus, the State Guard must maintain some of the skills and expertise of 
the National Guard, one reason why a significant part of its members 
have been recruited from the ranks of retired National Guard personnel. 

During WW II, the State Guard had an estimated strength of 15,000 
but it was dissolved after the war* There was a State Guard reorganization 
in 1966, but it remained essentially a paper organization until recently. 

Now, under the leadership of Maj Gen Raymond Wilkinson and with the 
official blessing of The Adjutant General who ordered it reactivated in 
19 73, the State Guard has again taken on the characteristics of a viable 
military organization. 

The most recent step of the State Guard's steady resurgence was the 
training mission assigned by General Vartanian in May. It orders the 
State Guard to work closely with the Operations and Training Division of 
State National Guard Headquarters in reviewing, planning and actual support 
of a number of Civil Defense-related emergency plans. This will mean 
briefings and liaison work with State and local Civil Defense agencies. 

Another area where State Guard personnel provide welcome assistance 
to National Guard efforts is in recruiting and retention, fields in which 
National Guardsmen have distinguished themselves this past year, but in 
which more help is always needed and appreciated. 


Afcer a kickoff presentation on recruiting techniques and guidelines 
by LTC Anthony Aprile, National Guard Recruiting and Retention Officer. 
State Guard Officers found themselves in such activities as a 15-day 
recruiting drive by the Massachusetts Military Academy During the drive 
the State Guard's COL Robert Crowley, Everett's Commissioner of Veterans' 
Affairs, opened his office to recruiters, and went on the road to speak 
with community, business and veterans' organizations 

The State Guard's Deputy Surgeon, COL Francis Caliva, helped 
National Guard spokesmen reach students of the Maiden Schools with word 
of their activities. He also helped with overtures to fraternal groups, 
business organizations and the Spanish-speaking community , Relations 
with other minority groups are being initiated by the minority group 
members of the Guard. 

Brig Gen Thomas Arnott, Commander of the State Guard's 3d Brigade, 
saturated both National Guard and State Guard personnel in Central 
Massachusetts with recruiting lists gathered from Selective Service 
records, the State Bonus Division and Veterans' agencies. He also 
ensured that booths were established at several appropriate job and 
vocational functions, both in Boston and Central Massachusetts, to give 
the Guard some exposure and recruiting opportunities. 

Certainly not to be forgotten are the many appearances before 
community groups that State Guard members make year round to carry the 
message of a modern Massachusetts Military organization to the public. 

The mission 01 the State Guard, of course, extends well beyond the 
new Civil Defense involvement and the recruiting and retention efforts. 
The State Guard is and will assist in community service programs, move 
to solidify its own organization and continue with its busy training 
program , 

An interesting part of that training program has been a "Visiting 
Speakers" series that has brought before State Guard members Brig Gen 
Nicholas J. DelTorto, Commander of the 26th Division; a speaker on Special 
Forces, the National Guard's Brig Gen William W r Molla, speaking on the 
rise and fall of a Panzer Division and several speakers on military food 
and equipment research. 

Also on the drawing board is an update of the State Guard's history 
and the establishment of a State Guard Speakers' Bureau that will make 
Guard members available for public speaking engagements. 



The Selective Service Section of the Headquarters and Headquarters 
Detachment, Massachusetts Army National Guard, is authorized 7 Officers 
and 3 Warrant Officers. The section is presently at full strength. 

During the Fiscal Year 1974, the mission of the Selective Service 
System was drastically altered by legislative action resulting in a 
severe reduction in force, budget, and services. At the present moment, 
the mission of the system is to register the youth of the Nation as they 
reach the age of 18 years and to maintain a nucleus of the system for 
future use. 

The mission of the Selective Service Section of the MassARNG has 
changed in the same degree as that of the Selective Service system. At 
the beginning of the period training was principally "On-the-Job" at the 
Local Boards under the direction of the State Director of Selective 
Service. This type of training afforded each member of the section a 
working knowledge of the management of the Local Boards, their problems, 
and the solutions thereto, 

The present training program is designed to provide system-wide 
uniformity in the training of all earmarked Reserve and National Guard 
Selective Service Officers. National Headquarters furnishes definitive 
priorities within a semi-annual training period, and the Regional Service 
Center Administrators and the State Director formulate the unit training 
program from the directive received from the National Headquarters.